BENGALURU: The IT city of Bengaluru has seen a 15-20 per cent rise in the number of stroke patients and doctors say this is all due to a variety of factors including sedentary lifestyle and eating junk food. Also, there is a significant rise in strokes in the young IT crowd. Every month, nearly 50-60 patients of acute strokes are admitted to city hospitals.
Nowadays, strokes in young people aged below 45 is on the rise, says Dr Praveen Kumar S, HoD, Neurology, Victoria Hospital. "This is due to stress, lifestyle and dietary habits which further leads to brain and heart diseases. So many modifiable, non-modifiable, genetic factors and blood-related disorders too are responsible for strokes."
Dr Suryanarayana Sharma P M, Consultant Neurologist and Stroke Specialist, BGS Global Hospitals says with risks in young patients being more as the brain swells fast, they should come to hospitals fast. “Swelling of brain after a stroke is faster in them and the golden hour for stroke patients is just 4.5 hours. Every minute counts as 1.9 million neurons die/minute in a stroke patient.”
Youngsters follow a hectic lifestyle — working for 12-14 hours and late night and are sleep deprived. Gorging on junk food at odd hours and ignoring fresh food including green leafy vegetables is their mantra. This lifestyle is equivalent to smoking one pack of cigarettes per day.
The Bangalore Stroke Support Group is an initiative of city neurologists, physiotherapists, caregivers, old patients and stroke victims. This platform helps to bring awareness and preventive care about deadly stroke attacks among the public.
Dr Sharma adds, "In the support group, member volunteers are trained to help and assist people in getting immediate medical attention. We organize walkathons and hold sessions in coordination with residents to increase awareness on symptoms and the necessity of immediate medical care. Apart from this, we have a list of stroke ready hospitals and have shared the list with 108 ambulance, patients, etc."
NIMHANS and Victoria Hospital which gets a high volume of patients is part of this list for saving patients from serious debilitating effects. Victoria Hospital being a super specialty hospital with tertiary care gets lot of patients and also referrals from other hospitals including NIMHANS. With in house CT Scan and round the clock service of neurologists, it is a hospital identified for treating strokes, informs Dr Praveen Kumar.
According to neurologists, people suffer from Ischemic strokes that are a result of blockages. What people are unaware of is - if they seek medical help within 3 to 4.5 hours of the stroke, the blockages may be removed with medication and possibility of brain related disabilities are reduced significantly.
According to WHO, the second biggest factor for mortality is stroke and it is alarmingly increasing in India. In fact, 40 per cent of the stroke patients are from India and China. As per studies, the incidence rate of strokes every year in India is 145-154 per one lakh people compared to 107 in the US.
Facial Drooping, Arm/leg Weakness, Speech Difficulty/understanding, Severe headache, balance loss, blurred vision and numbness on one side