Over two crore cases are pending in subordinate courts in the country, a Parliamentary committee has said in its latest report.
It also said lower courts were facing a shortage of over 3,000 judicial personnel.
Terming the increasing pendency in the court a serious matter, the Standing Committee on Law and Personnel said there were about 2.69 crore cases pending in subordinate courts as on March 31, 2012.
“Major reasons for the high pendency of cases in lower courts are poor judge-population ratio, prolonged and costly litigation caused by procedures and lawyers’ interests, poor infrastructure, shortage of judicial personnel and weak alternative dispute resolution mechanisms,” the panel said in its report on ‘Infrastructure Development and Strengthening of Subordinate Courts’.
The report also said 3,272 posts of judicial personnel were vacant in different states as on March 31, 2012.
“Except in Manipur and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, the pendency of cases is high in all the states. (In) Odisha, the pendency of criminal cases is high and other states have many civil cases pending,” the report said while expressing serious concern over the large number of vacancies in lower courts.
“We are of the view that both these issues are closely related to each other. The recruitment and training of judicial personnel and supporting staff at subordinate courts may help in reducing the pendency of cases and the judge-population ratio,” the panel said.