NEW DELHI: Considering the limited availability of land in urban areas, the ministry of housing and urban affairs has advocated for compact, dense and vertical urban densification. It believes that vertical growth is beneficial to both the citizens given the rising demand for urban spaces and urban mass transit systems being developed and proposed to be developed.
To ensure better utilization of scarce urban land resources in the context of rapid urbanization in the country, minister of Housing and Urban Affairs Hardeep Puri on Saturday directed a review of floor space index (FSI) and floor area ration (FAR) norms in megacities.
Officials said that the minister referred to the recommendation of NITI Ayog for relaxation of Floor FSI and FAR norms in urban areas to give a push to urban development and asked the ministry officials to take up a time-bound review of these norms in all the 53 cities with a population of one million and above each. “He also suggested a similar review for State Capitals with less than million population each in due course. The review to be taken up in consultation with States and cities is to cover an assessment of the existing norms and to what extent it could be enhanced,” said a senior official of the ministry.
Expressing concern over poor public transport infrastructure in cities, Puri stressed on the need for integrated land use and transport planning with the objective of promoting compact and dense urban development to minimize the use of personal motorized transport.
Referring to NITI Ayog Report, Puri said “In 1984, Shanghai had only 3.65 sq.mt of space per person. Through liberal use of FSI, despite increase in population since 1984, the city had increased the available space to 34 sq.mt per person. In contrast, in 2009, Mumbai on average had just 4.50 sq.mt of space per person”. The minister further noted that increasing the availability of land in urban areas is critical to meet the demand for affordable housing under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban).
The minister also expressed concern over what he called the crisis like situation with regard to urban mobility and urged all the States to set up Unified Metropolitan Transport Authorities in all the 53 cities with over million population each to ensure integration among all modes of transport on a regional basis.
Stating that Metro Rail is not an end in itself to solve urban mobility problems but only one of the means, the Minister called for a holistic approach with proper integration of various modes of transport based on local context.
The Minister said “It is difficult to imagine Delhi without Metro Rail which is now carrying about 30 lakh passengers every day”.
Referring to the explosion of vehicles on the roads, Puri noted that there were 825 million cars in the world in 2010 and the same is expected to rise to 1,600 million in 2035 and to 2,100 million in 2050 which has the potential of bringing cities to a grinding halt.
- FSI is the ratio of a building’s total floor area to the size of the piece of the land on which it is built.
- In Indian cities, it is generally about 1.50, which is said to be on the lower side given the needs of rapid urbanization.