Hatti Habba in north Karnataka
Published: 24th October 2011 06:21 AM |
HUBLI: Deepavali is celebrated mainly for five days across the country. However, it is confined to three days in north Karnataka region where it is celebrated as Hatti Habba.
According to folklore expert Srishail Huddar, there are many folk rituals attached to Deepavali though it has mythological significance. Deepavali is celebrated in remembrance of the return of Pandavas to Hastinavati after completing their Vanavasa and one year of Agnatavasa.
Following this, the installation of the idols of Pandavas came into practice.
There is even a tradition of drawing their footprints which only depicts their entry into Hastinavati with their herd of cows. The folklorists welcome the prosperity into households through this practice and it is still prevalent.
The farming community which installs ‘Hattevva’ believes it to be an incarnation of goddess Lakshmi in the cow shed. These idols of Pandavas and Goddess Lakshmi are especially made with cow dung. Hatti means a cow shed. The farmers, realising the importance of cow dung for the survival of mankind, believe it to be sacred and observe it as Hatti Habba.
The practice of lighting a lamp was for safety, it also highlights the transition period from darkness towards enlightenment and awareness. According to Ramu Mulagi, another folk expert, Deepavali is a festival to strengthen the bonds of human relations. The first day is ‘Neeru Tumbuva Habba’ where there is a practice of filling fresh water.
After having a bath from head to toe, sisters perform Arati to brothers. The brothers give them gifts and owe to provide support to their sisters. There are several mythological incidents that paves the way for the celebration of Deepavali, including the coronation of Lord Rama following the victory over Ravana in Lanka.