KOZHIKODE: Despite the reverses it suffered in the form of arrests and encounter killings of its senior leaders, the CPI (Maoist) has made significant advances in military strategies in the past few years.
The attack on CRPF personnel at Dantawade in Chhattisgarh points to the finesse they achieved in the art of guerrilla warfare.
The Maoists have a Central Military Commission (CMC) which oversees the activities of the Peoples Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA). It has units for procurement of arms and ammunition, development of communnication gadgets and collection of intelligence.
It also brings out a military magazine, ‘Awami Jung’, for circulation among the members of the PLGA.
Nambala Kesava Rao alias Ganganna alias Basavaraj is in charge of the CMC. Other members of the body are Sumanand Singh alias Sujith, Dev Kumar Singh alias Aravind, Thipparthi Tirupathi alias Devuji, Ashuthosh alias Bipul and Misir Besra alias Bhaskar. Besra was arrested by the Bihar police in 2008, but the Maoists ambushed the police team and released him while he was being taken to court.
CPI (Maoist) general secretary Ganapathi, politburo members Prashant Bose alias Nirbhoy and Pramod Misra alias Janardhan are the temporary members.
There are state or zonal commissions, divisional and sub divisional commands under the CMC.
The PLGA has three components: the main force, the secondary force and the peoples militia. The main force can move any where in the country to take part in actions according to the needs. Secondary force is the district/divisional level squads. The militia consists of ordinary villagers who are given basic military training. It is suspected that the peoples militia also participated in the Dantawade attack. The PLGA is divided into squads, platoons and companies.
The PLGA uses weapons such as AK series assault rifles, SLRs, the INSAS, Carbine, rockets and IEDs.
Regular training is given to the members based on a structured syllabus.
There is a Central Technical Committee (CTC) which is responsible for making rockets, mortars and grenades. The Central Instructors Team (CIT) moves around all the states to impart training in weapons.
Besides, there is a Central Action Team (CAT), under the control of the CMC, which directly conducts major operations in the country.