The bleed India strategy kept the pot boiling as nearly 700,000 Indian troops are at hyper vigil in Kashmir at very low cost to Pakistan, ensuring enormous expenditure.
Many Rohingya were unwilling to return to Rakhine unless they were guaranteed citizenship and other rights.
Canada announced targeted sanctions in February against a Myanmar general who led the army crackdown.
On Wednesday, UN human rights chief Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein called for a new body tasked with preparing criminal indictments over atrocities committed in Myanmar.
Use of rape by Myanmar's armed forces has been sweeping and methodical, The Associated Press found in interviews with 29 Rohingya Muslim women and girls now in Bangladesh.
The rape of Rohingya women by Myanmar's security forces has been sweeping and methodical, the Associated Press found in interviews with 29 women and girls who fled to neighboring Bangladesh.
The military says its "clearance operations" in northern Rakhine state are aimed at flushing out Rohingya militants who attacked police posts on August 25.
The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights criticised both Yangon and New Delhi, the latter for seeking to deport Rohingyas who fled to India.
The UN human rights chief condemned he violence and injustice faced by the ethnic Rohingya minority in Myanmar as a textbook example of ethnic cleansing.