Pyongyang tested what it called a 'super-large' rocket on Wednesday just hours after it said it was willing to resume working-level talks with Washington.
Moscow on Tuesday accused the United States of ramping up military tensions with the new missile test.
The launch was a sign of Washington beefing up its capabilities in the wake of the collapse of the INF on August 2.
The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) had proposed setting up of the Missile Test Range Centre.
The QRSA missile is equipped with electronic counter measures against jamming by aircraft radars.
While the North could face international condemnation over the latest launches, it's unlikely that the nation, already under 11 rounds of UN sanctions, will be hit with fresh punitive measures.
The missile fired from frontline combat aircraft Sukhoi-30 MKI destroyed a target drone off Odisha coast.
South Korea's Defense Minister called on the international community to assure North Korea that the decision to denuclearize is indeed the right decision.
The missile, which has been manufactured by Bharat Dynamics Limited, was tested under 'cooperative mode of engagement'.
Kim has accused Washington of acting in "bad faith", and given it until the end of the year to change its approach.
The 1,000-km range missile was fired for a shorter range from a launch pad from the ITR at Chandipur in Balasore.
Moon, for his part, has called for an easing of sanctions, including those holding back joint economic projects between North and South Korea.
This criticism came as a surprise as North American Aerospace Defence Command had recently estimated the debris would disintegrate in 45 days.
While terming the whole matter as a terrible thing, NASA head Jim Bridenstine also told the media that not all of the pieces were big enough to track.
India’s foreign ministry said in a statement that New Delhi wasn’t engaging in an arms race, but asserted that with this test, India joins an exclusive group of space-faring nations.