Economy down but not out, COVID-19 vaccine strategy to shape recovery: RBI

The central bank believes there is a need to ensure that the recovery is built on a solid foundation of investment and productivity growth.

Published: 17th June 2021 03:02 AM  |   Last Updated: 17th June 2021 12:50 PM   |  A+A-

Reserve Bank of India, RBI

A security woman guards at the RBI headquarters in Mumbai. (File photo| PTI)

Express News Service

NEW DELHI: Even as the country continues to wrestle with the second wave of the pandemic, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has raised “cautious optimism” about the state of the economy. 

The central bank, in its latest monthly bulletin, has assessed that the second wave has hit do- mestic demand hard. “On the brighter side, several aspects of aggregate supply conditions – agriculture and contactless services are holding up, while industrial production and exports have surged compared to last year amidst pandemic protocols,” the RBi bulletin said. 

Noting that the pandemic is a real shock with real cones- quences, the central bank be- lieves there is a need to ensure that the recovery is built on a solid foundation of investment and productivity growth. 

“Life- and work-style transformation such as increased remote work and online shopping may likely endure. When patterns of demand shift, some firms may face closure,” according to the RBi bulletin. While some industries may become permanently smaller, at the same time, existing firms in industries experiencing in- creased demand may expand and new ones will emerge. 

The bulletin further added that three sectors with the greatest growth potential in the post-recovery decade include: digital technologies; biomedical science (along with its ap- plications in healthcare); and technologies that address various challenges to sustainability, especially those pertaining to climate change. 

On inflation, RBI said it sees price instability as transitory, even as markets are convinced that inflation is rising into the long-term and will force the hand of monetary authorities to abandon ultra-accommoda- tion. Accommodative monetary policy is when central banks expand the money supply to boost the economy. “Going forward, the speed and scale of vaccination will shape the path of recovery,” RBI added. 


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