India has 17 per cent of the world's population, but only about 0.8 per cent of the world's known oil and natural gas resources.
Based on the progress visualised for the nation during the next two decades, the power generating capacity has to increase to 400,000 MW by the year 2030 from the current 130,000 MW in India.
This takes into consideration of energy economies planned and the design and production of energy efficient equipments and systems.
Energy independence has got to be achieved through three different sources namely renewable energy (solar, wind and hydro power), electrical power from nuclear energy and bio-fuel for the transportation sector.
Energy independence throws very important technological challenges to the world:
The solar cell efficiency has to increase from the present 20% to 55% through intensified research on CNT (Carbon Nano Tube) based solar cells.
For thorium reactors, as it is known, thorium is a non-fissile material. It has to be converted into a fissile material using Fast Breeder Technology.
In the Bio-fuel area, the challenge is bio-fuel plantation for higher yield, esterification technologies for the higher output and the modification to automobile power plants.
Copyright@www.abdulkalam.com. This is an article written by former President Dr A P J Abdul Kalam.