North Andhra, Adilabad Tribal Art Forms to be Promoted
In a bid to revive, conserve and promote ancient tribal art forms in Andhra Pradesh, tourism department has proposed two multi-crore projects to the Planning Commission of India as part of rural tourism promotion, which had agreed in principal to them.
The two art forms - Dokra Art of tribals in Adilabad district and Savara Art of Savaras in north coastal districts of Srikakulam and Vizianagaram are now on the verge of extinction with the present generation not much interested in taking the hereditary art forms.
“To conserve those two art forms, tourism department had made the proposals with an outlay of Rs 22 crore (Rs 11 crore for each project), which have been prioritised by the Planning Commission,’’ APTDC executive director (projects) V Madhusudan told Express.
Dokra Art, common to tribal belts of Bastar in Chhattisgarh, Odisha, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh is an ancient form of metal crafting dating back to Indus Valley Civilisation.
According to experts, a most venerated icon of Dokra Art is the bronze figurine of the dancing girl from Mohenjodaro. The art is a combination of metallurgy skills with wax technique. A clay mould of a statue is wrapped in bee wax threads and then covered with another layer of clay leaving a small opening for the liquid metal (bronze or brass) to be poured in. The outer shell of clay is removed and the stunning bronze idol is revealed.
The art is unique as no two idols made are same and every idol has an individualistic touch as they are hand made. In Adilabad district some families belonging to Woj community of tribals practise the art form. “There are hardly 500 people now, who practice the art. The current generation of those families are diversifying into other occupations having not much interest in the art form. To revive the interest and make the art form more economically viable, we have proposed the project,’’ Madhusudan said.
According to Knitting Rural Self Help Enterprise wing of SERP, those engaged in the art form are in unorganised sector and the labour intensive art has only local market as of now with occasional buyers from high end segment from outside. It says that there is only limited scope for the art form with existing designs using e-Commerce, but there is a high scope for it with value addition and diversification of the products.
The other project deals with conservation of Savara Art, practised by Savara tribals. It is their traditional painting normally decorated on the walls of their houses, which is now being copied on other objects of modern times as cloth, bags and other accessories.
Name of the art from is ‘Edsing’. According to Savara Arts Society, Edsing has a spiritual relevance for Savara tribals. The paintings are rectangular in shape with various living and non living components.