STOCK MARKET BSE NSE

An enzyme can explain link between fatty liver, diabetes, PCOS

The researchers found an enzyme, AKR1C3, that activates male hormone in the fat tissue of women with PCOS, which could increase the risk of metabolic health complications

Published: 28th June 2017 12:45 PM  |   Last Updated: 28th June 2017 02:05 PM   |  A+A-

Enzyme

Image used for representational purpose only

By ANI

WASHINGTON DC: A team of scientists has discovered an enzyme that increases male hormones and metabolic complications — Type-2 diabetes and fatty liver disease — in women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).
 
The researchers found an enzyme, AKR1C3---that activates male hormone in the fat tissue of women with PCOS---has been identified, which could rise the risk of metabolic health complications, including Type-2 diabetes and fatty liver disease.
 
According to researchers from the University of Birmingham, the enzyme "causes increased activation of male hormones" in women with PCOS.
 
In addition to irregular periods and often impaired fertility, PCOS women regularly have high levels of male hormones, also termed androgens, circulating in their blood. These are known to cause problems with increased male-pattern body hair growth and acne.
 
Women with PCOS often have higher levels of male hormones circulating in the blood and the study has showed that hormones in abdominal fat tissue far exceed those measured in their blood.
 
Lead study author Wiebke Arlt said that the increased activation of male hormones, which lead to increased build-up of lipid droplets in the fat cells and, eventually, to fatty acid overspill into the circulation.
 
Arlt explained that the fat cells become less responsive and greater levels of insulin are produced. This increased insulin then leads to even higher levels of AKR1C3.
 
Another researcher Dr Michael O'Reilly explained that the study is particularly exciting because it highlights the role that body fat plays in generating excess male hormones in PCOS women, which then act locally to disrupt the ability of the body's fat to store lipid effectively.
 
"The finding provides a new treatment that reduces the risk of diabetes and fatty liver disease in women with PCOS,” O'Reilly said.
 
The study appears in the journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Stay up to date on all the latest Health news with The New Indian Express App. Download now

Comments

Disclaimer : We respect your thoughts and views! But we need to be judicious while moderating your comments. All the comments will be moderated by the newindianexpress.com editorial. Abstain from posting comments that are obscene, defamatory or inflammatory, and do not indulge in personal attacks. Try to avoid outside hyperlinks inside the comment. Help us delete comments that do not follow these guidelines.

The views expressed in comments published on newindianexpress.com are those of the comment writers alone. They do not represent the views or opinions of newindianexpress.com or its staff, nor do they represent the views or opinions of The New Indian Express Group, or any entity of, or affiliated with, The New Indian Express Group. newindianexpress.com reserves the right to take any or all comments down at any time.

flipboard facebook twitter whatsapp