Dharma Vyadha, the butcher teacher tells the contemplative Kaushika that the person who has taken to the path of Adharma gets settled there comfortably. Revelling in it, he even quotes from the scriptures but in a manner that suits his own liking. Born out of attachment, Adharma is of three types. Such a person has sinful thoughts, speaks what he thinks and his actions are also in the same vein.
By sinful thoughts is meant a desire-ridden mind that is full of egoism. The very thoughts and actions cause disturbance of the mind which is by itself a sinful state to be in. No punishment is required. The very life of such a person becomes so full of suffering. All great qualities are destroyed in such a person whose life takes a turn in the direction of Adharma.
Such people seek friends who, too, are on the same path and bond with them. They come to grief because of such company even while living and their state of mind is tormented even after the body is dropped at death.
While a sinful person suffers in this way, O Kaushika, now listen to the benefits of following the path of Dharma, the path of one who with wisdom, foresees and is well aware of the drawbacks and pitfalls of Adharma. A person whose life is directed by the path of righteousness is comfortable whether there is sorrow or joy. He worships saints. By his association with saints, his intellect is rooted steadily in Dharma.
This whole universe is eternal and it includes the world we see with all things that move and don’t. It is difficult to comprehend by the mind and it is eternal. It is of the nature of great elements. There is nothing else beyond this reality called Brahman.
The quality of an indolent and dull intellect is delusive in nature. Due to Rajas, such intellect is constantly agitated and prone to activity. Satwa Guna which is the form of an illumined mind is close to that eternal truth. An idiotic person is filled with ignorance. An idiot as mentioned here does not refer to the person who does not have literacy or cannot read, write and understand. One who does not know his true self or does not know God is referred to her in such derogatory terms. The intellect of such a person is highly prone to dreaming or imagining. He cannot control his senses. His mind is full of super-imposed ideas and concepts, His behaviour exudes anger and the mind of a dull-witted person is also lazy.