Section 377: Highlights from Supreme Court's verdict on legalising homosexuality

LGBTQ community possess the same constitutional rights as other citizens of the country, ruled the Supreme Court.

Published: 07th September 2018 12:18 AM  |   Last Updated: 07th September 2018 12:18 AM   |  A+A-

People in Bengaluru celebrates the Supreme Court verdict scrapping Section 377, 06 September 2018. (Photo | EPS/Nagaraj Gadekal)


NEW DELHI: The following are the highlights of the Supreme Court verdict which ruled Thursday that consensual sex among adult homosexuals or heterosexuals in private space is not a crime:

  • Section 377 IPC, so far as it penalises any consensual sexual relationship between two adults, be it homosexuals, heterosexuals or lesbians, cannot be regarded as constitutional.


  •  Engaging in any kind of sexual activity with an animal, however, would be a criminal offence under Section 377.


  •  Non-consensual gay sex will continue to invite penal liability under Section 377 of the IPC.


  •  Part of Section 377, which prohibited sexual relationship between consenting adults of the same sex, was violative of the right to equality and the right to live with dignity.


  •  Section 377 was "irrational, indefensible and manifestly arbitrary".


  •  History owes an apology to the members of LGBTQ community and their families, for the delay in providing redressal for the ignominy and ostracism that they have suffered through the centuries.


  •  Section 377, so far as it criminalises even consensual sexual acts between competent adults, fails to make a distinction between non-consensual and consensual sexual acts of competent adults in private space which are neither harmful nor contagious to the society.


  •  Section 377 subjects the LGBTQ community to societal pariah and dereliction and is, therefore, manifestly arbitrary, for it has become an odious weapon for the harassment of the LGBTQ community by subjecting them to discrimination and unequal treatment.


  •  Section 377 used as a weapon to harass the members of the LGBTQ community, resulting in discrimination.


  •  Due to Section 377, the LGBTQ members were forced to live in hiding and as second class citizens, while the others used to enjoy the right of sexual orientation.


  •  LGBTQ community possess the same constitutional rights as other citizens of the country.


  •  Sexual orientation is a "biological phenomenon" and is "natural" and any discrimination on this ground was violative of the fundamental rights.


  •  Morality cannot be martyred at the altar of social morality and only constitutional morality can allowed under the rule of law.


  •  Imposing sanctions of law on consenting adults involved in a sexual relationship has lent the authority of the state to perpetuate social stereotypes and encourage discrimination.


  •  Homosexuality is not a mental disorder and homosexuals have a fundamental right to live with dignity.


  •  Section 377 was the product of the Victorian era morality and there was no reason to continue with it especially when it enforces Victorian morale on the citizens of the country.


  • Consensual carnal intercourse among adults, be it homosexual or heterosexual, in private space, does not in any way harm the public decency or morality.


  • The respect for individual choice is the very essence of liberty and criminalising carnal intercourse under Section 377 is irrational, indefensible and manifestly arbitrary.


  •  It was time to move from darkness to light as the herald of a New India to a more inclusive society.


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