58 per cent teachers in Indian universities are men; Bihar has the worst gender ratio

The survey also shows that at the all-India level there are 73 female teachers per 100 male teachers.

Published: 24th September 2019 02:42 AM  |   Last Updated: 24th September 2019 11:28 AM   |  A+A-


For representational purposes

Express News Service

NEW DELHI: Classrooms in colleges and universities in the country continue to be dominated by men. The recently released All India Survey for Higher Education 2018-19 shows that there are 14,16,299 teachers in institutes of higher education, of which nearly 58 per cent are men.

The survey is based on figures collated from 993 universities, 39,931 colleges and 10,725 stand-alone institutions in India — both private and government.

The situation is the worst in Bihar, where the female to male teachers’ ratio is approximately 1:4. In percentage, 78.97 per cent of teachers in the state are men.

Jharkhand comes a close second with 69.8 per cent male teachers. Uttar Pradesh is marginally better then both these states with 32.3 per cent female teachers.

A few states such as Kerala, Haryana, Chandigarh, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Delhi and Goa have a healthier male to female teachers’ ratio.

Surprisingly, the highest number of women teachers is demonstrators and tutors, followed by assistant professors but the gender ratio gets distorted as we move higher up.

“Even though teaching is regarded as a profession appropriate for women, data shows that women teachers continue to struggle to make career progression due to qualification barrier that often comes up due to social reasons,” said Amber Ahmad, who teaches political science at Kamala Nehru College in Delhi University.

The survey also shows that at the all-India level there are 73 female teachers per 100 male teachers.

For the Muslim minority, it is 57 female per 100 male teachers. According to the survey, the female representation of teachers belonging to persons with disabilities is extremely low with just 37 female per 100 male teachers.

Also, the highest number of women teachers is in nursing colleges and the lowest in institutes directly under the ministries, such as the Indian Institutes of Technology.


Disclaimer : We respect your thoughts and views! But we need to be judicious while moderating your comments. All the comments will be moderated by the editorial. Abstain from posting comments that are obscene, defamatory or inflammatory, and do not indulge in personal attacks. Try to avoid outside hyperlinks inside the comment. Help us delete comments that do not follow these guidelines.

The views expressed in comments published on are those of the comment writers alone. They do not represent the views or opinions of or its staff, nor do they represent the views or opinions of The New Indian Express Group, or any entity of, or affiliated with, The New Indian Express Group. reserves the right to take any or all comments down at any time.

flipboard facebook twitter whatsapp