MOSCOW: Add this to your book of Russian proverbs: He who only passes is passed.
Mighty Spain dominated the field at Luzhniki Stadium, dulled the senses with mind-numbing ball movement around the perimeter of the penalty area Sunday.
It was the classic "tiki-taka" style that led to a World Cup title in 2010, bookended by a pair of European Championships. The Spaniards would pass a team into confusion and then strike.
But this time, they just passed side-to-side, sometimes backwards, almost never to attack.
Possession soccer appears to be a relic, ready for a display case in soccer's version of the Hermitage museum. Russia won a World Cup knockout game for the first time since the Soviet Union in 1966, defeating Spain 4-3 on penalty kicks after a 1-1 tie . Russia goes to the quarterfinals against Croatia, while Spain goes home.
"Everything is changing," Spain coach Fernando Hierro said through a translator. "Trends change."
Spain made 1,137 passes and completed 1,029, according to FIFA. Stat company Opta said that was the most since it started keeping track in 1966.
In contrast, Russia has completed the same number of passes — 1,029 — in four matches at the World Cup. Russia got the victory Sunday making 202 of 285 passes.
Russian coach Stanislav Cherchesov used a five-man defensive back line for the first time in this World Cup. Asked why, he thought back to the 2008 European Championship, where Russia lost to Spain 4-1 in its opener and 3-0 in the semifinals.
"Let us say this openly, they are better than us in many ways," he said. "So I don't believe that we should risk going forward."
Russia is ranked 70th in the world, the lowest in the field, and Spain is 10th. Home supporters with red-white-and-blue wigs and painted faces seemed prepared for an unhappy ending out of Tolstoy or Dostoyevsky, especially after Marco Asensio's free kick ricocheted off a calf of defender Sergei Ignashevich in the 12th minute and past goalkeeper Igor Akinfeev for an own goal.
The hosts have staged a fine tournament, full of smiles, solyanka and samovars — and a bit of vodka, too. They unexpectedly advanced. Losing to a world power in the round of 16 would be no shame.
But Gerard Pique's penalty put the Russian's back in the match.
Pique, one of three starters left who played in the 2010 final victory over the Netherlands, was called for a blatant hand ball, leaping into a jumping jack as Artyom Dzyuba's header bounced off his left arm. Pique wagged a finger at Dutch referee Bjorn Kuipers, but the decision stood.
In pretty much his only action before the shootout, goalkeeper David De Gea dived right as the Dzyuba's third goal of the tournament went to his left.
Spanish King Felipe VI, on hand for the 2010 final in South Africa, was here for this one, too, exhorting his countrymen on. But while Spain finished with 75 percent possession, it scored no more goals.
As rain came down, each team made its first two kicks in the shootout, but Akinfeev dived right and with a two-handed punch stopped Jorge "Koke" Resurreccion. Alexander Golovin put Russia ahead, Sergio Ramos retied it and Denis Cheryshev gave Russia a 4-3 lead.
Akinfeev dived right on Iago Aspas' kick and with his trailing left leg booted the ball to safety. Russia had the third-greatest upset by differential since the FIFA rankings started in 1992, behind Nigeria's win over France in 1998 and South Africa's victory over France in 2010, both in the group stage.
Spain has gone three straight major tournaments without a title.
"In 2008, '10, '12, well, we had the players we had, and we played at a level, with a style had nobody had done before," said Hierro, who took over as coach when Julen Lopetegui was fired two days before Spain's opener. "Now we're in 2018, and many things have changed. Now we see that people are playing with a line of five that we thought had been forgotten."
Andres Iniesta and Xavi Hernandez were the twin hearts of Spain's rise, offensive metronomes who elevated tiki-taka to supremacy at Barcelona and Spain. Hernandez is 38 and left the national team after Spain's first-round elimination in 2014. Iniesta, 34, said this defeat was his finale.
"What's important is to find the route to success, which is not easy," he said. "It is more complicated than what it seems. The national team will push ahead because it still has players of quality and that's what they need to try."
Pique is 31 and Ramos 32, the last mainstays of Spain's era of greatness. To rise again, the Spanish will have to evolve.
"We have our identity. Spain's identity is recognizable," Hierro said. "We have our personality, and this is a good thing."