Water scarcity hits Kurnool Sona Masoori cultivation in Andhra Pradesh

Farmers yet to transplant saplings, yield likely to drop this year; deficit rain in Karnataka is affecting inflows into Tungabhadra river

Published: 26th July 2019 10:14 AM  |   Last Updated: 26th July 2019 10:14 AM   |  A+A-

Rainwater harvesting

Representational images

Express News Service

KURNOOL: The dip in water level in KC Canal and Srisailam Reservoir Back Canal (SRBC) has hit the cultivation of world-famous Kurnool Sona Masoori rice. Normally, sowing operations commence in the first week of July, transplantation of sapling concludes before July-end and crop harvestation begins in November.

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If the water scarcity continues, Kurnool Sona Masoori (BPT 5204) would soon be in short supply, which is the most preferred variety of rice among consumers, mostly in Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and other states, said K Sreeramulu a farmer from Muchhumarri in Nandikotkur mandal.

According to sources, the yield in Kharif crop is only 1.5 lakh metric tonnes this year as against 2.54 lakh metric tonnes last year due to water scarcity. Kurnool Sona Masoori rice is being cultivated at Nandyal, Allagadda, Srisailam and Nandikotkur.

A total of 2.65 lakh acres are being cultivated under the KC Canal ayacut and 1.6 lakh acres under the Srisailam Reservoir ayacut.

The water storage level in Sunkesula Reservoir, which is the main source of water to KC Canal, is just 0.006 tmc as against 1.200 tmcft of water. The storage level in Srisailam Reservoir is only 31.440 tmc of water as against 215.850 tmc ft.

Agriculture scientist

Dr. M Nagaraju Rao said that Kurnool Sona Masoori rice is a popular fine rice variety being cultivated in Rayalaseema, especially in Kurnool district, due to conducive atmosphere.

The rice being produced here is a favourite among many due to its slenderness and taste. It also received a certification from The International Research Centre.  

Agriculture Joint Director D Thakur Naik informed that in the last Kharif season, paddy was cultivated in 1.8 lakh hectares in the district. He said there was no decline in Sona Masoori rice production in the past 10 years.He appealed to the farmers to opt for alternative crops.

According to the sources in irrigation department, 24.900 tmc of water should be released (for Kharif and Rabi) every year through the KC Canal from the Sunkesula Reservoir, built across the Tungabhadra River.


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