STOCK MARKET BSE NSE

Study busts myths about crop-raiding wild animals

It is a common notion that establishment of Protected Areas (PA) will intensify the menace of crop raiding by wild animals and increase livestock loss.

Published: 23rd September 2013 10:49 AM  |   Last Updated: 23rd September 2013 10:49 AM   |  A+A-

It is a common notion that establishment of Protected Areas (PA) will intensify the menace of crop raiding by wild animals and increase livestock loss.

But contrary to all these beliefs, a recent study on human-animal conflicts conducted in three tiger reserves in the country - Ranthambore in Rajasthan, Kanha in Madhya Pradesh and Nagarhole in Karnataka which shares its border with Wayanad - finds that PAs need not always necessarily act as a source of crop raiders. It also notes that the complaints of carnivores attacking livestock or human were more associated with people grazing animals and collecting forest produce from inside the PA rather than outside it.

These findings are significant from the fact that a section of public and politicians opposing the establishment of Tiger Reserve in Wayanad has bluntly maintained that the creation of a Reserve will result in intensifying crop raids and increasing livestock loss.

The results of the study done by Krithi K Karanth, Executive Director of the Centre for Wildlife Studies (Bangalore) along with three other researchers is published in the Environmental Management Journal under the title ‘Living with Wildlife and Mitigating Conflicts Around Three Indian Protected Areas’.

It says that as part of the study, a survey was conducted among 398 households situated within 10 kilometers of three major tiger reserves and found that the rate of crop loss from crop raiders did not vary with the proximity to the PAs, showing that protected areas are not always sources for crop raiders.

“This suggests that the crop raiders may not be limited to animals coming out from the PA, and perhaps some raiders may naturally reside outside the PAs,” says the study.

In the case of livestock loss near tiger reserves, it notes that during the study, 13 percent of the households reported cattle loss from wild animals with leopard being identified as the most damaging.

“Respondents reported that livestock losses occurred inside the PAs during the day, and fewer incidents occurred at night when the livestock were corralled near their homes or villages,” finds the study.

Another major interesting fact that emerged from the study is that contrary to the wide belief that people are hostile towards carnivores that attack the livestock, the study found that people are more hostile towards herbivores like wild pig which cause damage to crops.

Analysing the effectiveness of the mitigation efforts, the study found two mitigation efforts - fencing and the use of guarding animals as the most effective in reducing the risk of crop loss from crop-raiding animals.



Comments

Disclaimer : We respect your thoughts and views! But we need to be judicious while moderating your comments. All the comments will be moderated by the newindianexpress.com editorial. Abstain from posting comments that are obscene, defamatory or inflammatory, and do not indulge in personal attacks. Try to avoid outside hyperlinks inside the comment. Help us delete comments that do not follow these guidelines.

The views expressed in comments published on newindianexpress.com are those of the comment writers alone. They do not represent the views or opinions of newindianexpress.com or its staff, nor do they represent the views or opinions of The New Indian Express Group, or any entity of, or affiliated with, The New Indian Express Group. newindianexpress.com reserves the right to take any or all comments down at any time.

edexworks
flipboard facebook twitter whatsapp