Prevalence of congenital anomalies is 3 per cent in city, finds study

The researchers studied 4,120 cases of newborn children at Princess Esra Hospital, of which 123 newborns had congenital anomalies

Published: 14th August 2017 08:11 AM  |   Last Updated: 14th August 2017 08:11 AM   |  A+A-

Express News Service

HYDERABAD: Congenital anomalies, known as birth defects in common parlance are a serious issue that can hamper a child’s life, which can be avoided if the parents expecting a child take necessary steps like proper antenatal care and diagnosis.

A recently published study conducted by researchers from Deccan College of Medical Sciences in Hyderabad reported the prevalence of congenital malformations at three percent in city, similar to studies conducted elsewhere in India.

The researchers studied 4,120 cases of newborn children at Princess Esra Hospital, of which 123 newborns had congenital anomalies. Globally, 3,03,000 newborns die within four weeks of birth every year due to congenital anomalies as per the World Health Organisation.

Congenital anomalies are categorised based on the effect they will have on survival of a newborn. The Hyderabad study reported that of 123 congenital anomalies, 52 were major anomalies which can prove fatal and the rest 71 were minor anomalies, which are mostly deviation from the normal.
The most common forms of major congenital anomalies observed in the 71 cases were related to central nervous system, respiratory problems, gastrointestinal and the gut.

Avoid consanguinity

Dr Anjul Dayal, Pediatric Intensivist from Hyderabad, says, “Consanguinity is a major cause behind congenital anomalies. Consanguineous marriages are still widely prevalent in the country, even among the well educated. There is a need for awareness to be created against it.”

Before conceiving get your genes tested

Dr Dayal said, “Before conceiving, couples should get their genes tested to know if their genes are carriers of any congenital anomaly causing genetic mutation. The genetic tests are conducted at some private labs and hospitals in Hyderabad. The couples are also provided counseling regarding their test results.”

Measures to be taken
Dr Dayal says that during pregnancy, women should undergo antenatal scanning in regular periods in consultation with their gynecologist. He said, “The scanning will help detect presence of congenital anomaly in the foetus. It will help doctors and parents stay prepared for medical treatment and support to be provided to the newborn once it is delivered.

Not knowing the anomalies beforehand will delay in provision of treatment to the newborn which might prove fatal. If the scanning does not give a clear picture but some symptoms are seen fluid from the pregnant mother can be extracted and tested for genetic defects.”  Dr Dayal also stresses on prenatal vaccines for pregnant women also play an important role in preventing congenital anomalies due to infections.

Stay up to date on all the latest Telangana news with The New Indian Express App. Download now


Disclaimer : We respect your thoughts and views! But we need to be judicious while moderating your comments. All the comments will be moderated by the editorial. Abstain from posting comments that are obscene, defamatory or inflammatory, and do not indulge in personal attacks. Try to avoid outside hyperlinks inside the comment. Help us delete comments that do not follow these guidelines.

The views expressed in comments published on are those of the comment writers alone. They do not represent the views or opinions of or its staff, nor do they represent the views or opinions of The New Indian Express Group, or any entity of, or affiliated with, The New Indian Express Group. reserves the right to take any or all comments down at any time.

flipboard facebook twitter whatsapp