Puigdemont campaigned from Brussels, where he sought self-imposed exile after he was sacked by Madrid and a Spanish court charged him with rebellion, sedition and misuse of public funds.
Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy on Friday rejected a call by ousted Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont to meet after separatists won a parliamentary majority in crucial regional polls.
Ousted Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont on Friday offered to meet Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy outside Spain for talks on the region's independence crisis.
A visionary to some and an opportunistic populist to others, Puigdemont sought exile in Belgium following the Catalan parliament's independence declaration on October 27.
A Belgian court formally closed extradition proceedings against deposed Catalan separatist leader Carles Puigdemont today, after Spain dropped the European arrest warrant against him.
In a surprise move, Supreme Court Judge Pablo Llarena withdrew the warrant as the five "appear to have shown their intention to return to Spain" to take part in the snap regional polls on December 21.
Puigdemont was sacked as Catalan president after that declaration on October 27 as was his entire regional government.
Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel denied his government was in "crisis" over the arrival of deposed Catalan separatist leader Carles Puigdemont.
As Catalonia's separatist crisis drags on, Spain's judiciary has found itself on the back foot, accused of engaging in the type of partisanship normally associated with repressive dictatorships.
Deposed Catalan leader Carles Puigdemont on Tuesday slammed the European Union for backing what he termed Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy's "coup d'etat".
Catalonia's sacked leader on Tuesday called on pro-independence parties to unite for next month's regional election as he aims to recapture power and push on with a divisive secession bid.
Puigdemont, whose government declared independence from Spain last month and was then dismissed by Madrid, is in Belgium facing extradition on charges of rebellion and sedition.
Puigdemont and his allies escaped to Belgium last Monday after Spain dismissed the Catalan executive and imposed direct rule on the semi-autonomous region.
Catalonia's separatist ERC party, whose leader is in custody, would win December regional elections but the independence coalition as a whole could lose its absolute majority in parliament.
The Latest on the crisis over regional lawmakers in Catalonia voting to declare independence from Spain.
Catalonia's deposed leader Carles Puigdemont called Saturday for separatists to unite in a December election called by Spain to try to avert a disputed push for the region's independence.
Catalonia's axed separatist leader Carles Puigdemont will not return to Spain as there is a "good chance that he would be detained", his lawyer has said.
Spain's top criminal court summoned Puigdemont for questioning, after he appeared in Brussels insisting he remained the "legitimate president" of a region now under direct rule from Madrid.
His presence creates a headache for the Belgian government, which was quick to say he had come without their knowledge.
Spain on a knife's edge as Madrid takes direct control over Catalonia, fires defiant separatist leaders
Rajoy said he had also formally removed Catalonia's separatist leader Carles Puigdemont and his executive from office as part of measures to "restore normality".