Being a Constitution amendment Bill, it requires order in the House as well as two-thirds of the members present voting in its favour.
Opposition parties had accused the Centre of assaulting the federal structure by taking away the power of the states to identify and list the Other Backward Classes.
Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury and Manish Tewari alleged that democracy is being "murdered" with the government pushing ahead with its legislative agenda in such a manner as the House has not been in order.
Soon after the Bill was introduced in the Lower House to restore power to states to identify backward classes, the House was adjourned till 12:30 pm due to the continuous sloganeering.
Will support Modi government, says Congress as Opposition huddles before tabling of Constitution Amendment Bill
Congress leader Rahul Gandhi was among those who attended the meeting held at the chamber of Leader of Opposition in Rajya Sabha Mallikarjun Kharge.
The Cabinet decision has come close on the heels of another decision which allowed OBC reservation in the national entrance tests for the medical education.