The report said record monthly global temperatures have been observed for the ocean – from April through to October – and, starting slightly later, the land – from July through to October.
In Somalia, the death toll from the deluge stood at 96 on Monday. In Ethiopia, 44 people had been killed.
The latest global forecasts indicate that the El Nino conditions are likely to continue during the season and positive IOD conditions are likely to weaken during the coming months, the IMD said.
The El Nino phenomenon -- which warms waters in the southern Pacific and stokes hotter weather beyond -- is likely to see 2023 becoming the hottest year on record in the next three months.
Anantapur district registered the highest deficit rainfall of 34 per cent in the State, while Krishna district registered 32 per cent surplus rainfall, the highest surplus rainfall in the State.
Globally, 41 food export restrictions from 19 countries are in effect, ranging from outright bans to taxes, according to the institute.
The monsoon is largely erratic this year. The Biporjoy cyclone had delayed the formal entry of the monsoon in June and further weakened it.
India accounts for more than 40 percent of all global rice shipments.
Higher temperatures are likely to come: the El Nino weather phenomenon -- which warms waters in the southern Pacific and beyond -- has only just begun.
The water levels in the country's 150 reservoirs are 22% less than last year 2022 and around 10% less than the storage average of the last ten years.
The development of El Nino conditions in the equatorial Pacific Ocean was the most important factor behind the deficient rainfall activity in August.
The immediate impact of a weakening monsoon will be lower farm produce and could make essentials such as sugar, pulses, rice and vegetables more expensive.
High food inflation across the world is due to the change in weather patterns, untimely rains, incessant floods and droughts.
Since August 4, the daily average rainfall over the core monsoon zone region has been too low.
Meteorological experts have indicated a moderate probability of a fresh cyclonic circulation forming over the Northwest Bay of Bengal, near Gangetic West Bengal and Bangladesh, around August 18.
The El Nino cyclic pattern causes hotter than normal water in the Pacific Ocean, and the extra heat alters weather around the world and raises global temperatures.
This year’s El Nino may amplify other woes for rice-producing countries, such as reduced availability of fertilizer due to the war and some countries’ export restrictions on rice.
In fact, June was south peninsular India’s hottest and driest month since 1901. Besides, June rainfall was 88.6 mm—the lowest since 1901.
Dying coral reefs, more intense Nor’easters and the wildfire smoke that has choked much of North America this summer are among the many other signals of climate distress.
This global record is preliminary, pending approval from gold-standard climate measurement entities like the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association.