The Sena said the BJP, which is in power at the Centre, left the affected farmers in the state 'disappointed' with the 'meagre' relief.
MPs Sanjay Raut, Arvind Sawant and others were present at the protest which comes on the first day of the Parliament's Winter Session, which will end on December 13.
The fishermen have been asked to observe the total suspension of fishing operations till November 6.
NCP chief Sharad Pawar visited Nashik district in north Maharashtra to review crop losses due to rains.
A cabinet sub-committee will meet on Saturday to discuss the prevailing situation, central assistance will be sought to mitigate the hardship of farmers.
The maximum number of 430 people died in Maharashtra, followed by 227 in West Bengal in rains, floods and landslides that hit as many as 361 districts in the country.
The Latur city corporation had announced water cuts on September 1 after the region hardly received any rain till then and had announced that it will be able to provide water fortnightly.
Heavy rains over past few days have caused Krishna and Panchaganga rivers to swell in Sangli and Kolhapur districts respectively.
Gadchiroli District Disaster Management Officer (DDMO) Krishna Reddy said while flood-like situation prevails in Bhamragad, the situation in other 11 tehsils is under control.
Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) on Wednesday declared that schools under its jurisdiction will be used as shelters for housing people stranded due to rain.
From the past few days, Raigad and other nearby regions have been receiving incessant rainfall leading to an increase in water level.
Heavy rains and floods battered several areas of western Maharashtra and the Konkan region earlier this month, with Kolhapur and Sangli districts bearing the maximum brunt.
Out of the five districts that fall under the administrative division, Sangli and Kolhapur were badly affected by floods in the second week of August.
In Shirol tehsil, the MI-17 helicopter dropped 12 tones of relief material including food and water in 15 villages which were still marooned on Tuesday, said a district official.