The pope's action immediately created an uproar among traditionalists already opposed to Francis’ more progressive bent and still nostalgic for Benedict’s doctrinaire papacy.
Pope Francis, 84, stopped at St. Mary Major Basilica to give thanks for the success of the operation and pray for others before returning home, the Vatican said.
The Vatican had originally said Francis could be discharged last weekend, but later said he would stay a few days extra for further recovery and rehabilitation therapy.
Surgeons removed half of Francis’ colon on July 4 for what doctors said was a severe narrowing of the large intestine.
It said his treatment and recovery at Gemelli Hospital was proceeding as planned.
Francis, 84, underwent three hours of surgery Sunday to remove half of his colon after he suffered a narrowing of the large intestine.
A week earlier, Pope Francis had used his same Sunday appearance to ask the public for special prayers for himself, which, in hindsight, might have hinted at the planned surgery.
The dissolution of the Apostolic Movement is the latest move taken by Pope Francis to crack down on local-level religious orders and Catholic movements.
The stunning decision came after the church in Germany, like in many places elsewhere, was shaken by allegations of wide-ranging abuse by clergymen against minors.
The law recognizes that adults, too, can be victimized by priests who abuse their authority, and said that laypeople in church offices can be punished for abusing minors as well as adults.
Erdogan also renewed a call for the international community to take concrete steps to show Israel the "dissuasive reaction and lesson it deserves."
A few hundred people, many of them students and religious sisters from Myanmar, joined Francis in St.Peter's Basilica for the service.
Italy last year recorded 404,000 live births, the lowest number since its unification in 1861, worsening a steady decline that has already made Italy's fertility rate one of the lowest in Europe.
The service was held in a church just off St Peter's Square, in front of a reduced congregation of about 80 people, due to coronavirus restrictions.
The Vatican didn’t explain why the dean of the College of Cardinals, Cardinal Giovanni Battista Re, would preside instead over the Vatican's main Holy Thursday afternoon service.