Purkayastha and Chakravarty were arrested by the Special Cell of the Delhi Police on Tuesday.
The arrests followed the Delhi Police raids at 30 locations connected with the online news portal and its journalists in a case filed under the anti-terror law UAPA.
In one case outlined by the report, the Chinese government created a fake commentator named Yi Fan, whose pro-Beijing writings have appeared in publications in Asia, Africa and Latin America.
Media activists have criticised EU states, led by France, for pushing to expand loopholes to allow authorities to spy on journalists in the name of "national security".
'NewsClick raids attempt to muzzle media': Sitaram Yechury after Delhi police lands at his residence
The CPIM general secretary said, "Police came to my residence because the comrade who works in our office lives there. His son works for the NewsClick."
"The government has been targeting Newsclick apparently after the coverage this news portal gave to the issues of workers and farmers," a statement by journalist bodies alleged.
Prior to Biden's visit to New Delhi, the US State Department had reiterated that it has been "regularly" raising the issue of human rights with India and will do so in the future.
The Karnataka government’s declaration to set up a fact-checking unit to stop the spread of fake news has raised concern.
The publication's website and social media accounts blocked inside India under IT Act, 2000
The Guild has asked Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla to refer the Bill to a parliamentary standing committee.
Overly intrusive regulation of internet platforms in democratic societies can encourage autocrats to expand censorship.
The awards will be presented on November 16, 2023, in New York City.
In a statement released ahead of Modi's official state visit to the US, CPJ said "India is the world's largest democracy, yet it is one of the world's most dangerous countries for the media."