As of October 2021, India's military was seeking to procure advanced surveillance systems to strengthen its land and sea borders and boost its offensive and defensive cyber capabilities.
'Have not decided on sanctions or waivers to India under CATSAA', says US on New Delhi buying S-400 missile defence system from Russia
CAATSA is a tough US law that authorises the administration to impose sanctions on countries that purchase major defence hardware from Russia.
India is in the process of acquiring a batch of S-400 Triumf missile systems from Russia.
The US administration is required under domestic law, CAATSA to impose sanctions on any country that has significant transactions with Iran, North Korea or Russia.
CAATSA is a tough US law which authorises the administration to impose sanctions on countries that purchase major defence hardware from Russia.
At a media briefing, Russian Ambassador-designate Denis Alipov also referred to a bilateral mechanism to do business in national currencies.
The senator said that India is a vital ally in the competition against China, and thus, believes that the US should abstain from taking any actions that might drive India away.
The Biden administration has not yet clarified whether it will impose sanctions on India under the provisions of the CAATSA for procuring the missile defence system.
A State Department official maintained the Biden Administration's suspense over the issue by telling reporters CAATSA does not have a blanket or country-specific waiver provision attached to it.
The development comes as both sides prepare for a visit to India by Russian President Vladimir Putin on December 6 for a bilateral summit with Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Responding to a query on impact of anti-Russia sanctions on India after the conclusion of the S-400 contract, the US embassy spokesperson said, it cannot prejudge any sanctions decisions.
India and Russia signed eight pacts on Friday, including on cooperation on Gaganyaan.