Lavrov used Russia's turn at the UN General Assembly rostrum to hit back at pressure on Moscow led by Washington.
The Southeast Asian nation has been in turmoil since the putsch last year, with the junta accused by rights groups of committing war crimes as it struggles to crush resistance to its rule.
Sergei Lavrov's visit comes after the junta sparked renewed international outrage last week when it announced it had executed four prisoners.
Western countries have repeatedly pointed out that food is exempt from their sanctions on Russia and have blamed Moscow for the global crisis.
Lavrov walked out of a morning session as German counterpart Annalena Baerbock criticised Moscow over its invasion, diplomats said.
According to Lavrov, US 'and its satellites are doubling, tripling, quadrupling their efforts to contain our country'.
It was a steep decline in the ties between the two countries at a time when Israel has sought to stake out a neutral position between Russia and Ukraine and remain in Russia’s good stead.
Lavrov was on a two-day visit to India where he met External Affairs Minister Dr S Jaishankar and Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Lavrov also compared the United States to French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte and German dictator Adolf Hitler.
"Solution to Ukraine will be found but Russia’s dialogue with the West needs to be based on mutual respect," Lavrov said.
According to Lavrov, US President Joe Biden is an experienced man, who had said earlier that the only alternative to war sanctions.
Moscow supported an Afghan government offer of a three-month ceasefire, and regretted that the Taliban rejected the offer on Monday.
US President Donald Trump said that Washington would have a "great team" for the talks aimed at resolving the nuclear standoff.
The US and its allies believe the Syrian regime was behind the attack, but Russia has long insisted it was staged by rebels in an attempt to provoke further Western intervention.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov says ex spy poisoning could be 'in interests' of UK government
Lavrov also suggested that the poisoning of Skripal could also be in the interests of the British special forces who are known for their abilities to act with a licence to kill".
In Washington, the State Department said there was no justification for the Russian move and that the United States "reserves the right to respond."
Sergei Lavrov said Thursday Moscow would expel 60 US diplomats and close its consulate in Saint Petersburg in a tit-for-tat expulsion over the poisoning of ex-double agent Sergei Skripal.
The American diplomats comprise 31 employees of the US embassy in Moscow and four diplomats from the US consulate in Saint Petersburg, the source said.