However, Prime Minister Boris Johnson dismissed the threats of violence as 'humbug' during a parliamentary debate in September.
Parliament has already dealt Johnson a series of setbacks and derailed his promise to take Britain out of the EU by the end of the month, 'come what may.'
Parliament's lower House of Commons approved the proposal, which does not directly deal with the Brexit crisis, by 310 to 294 votes.
It effectively means his Brexit withdrawal agreement with the EU can become law, but they are yet to agree to push it through the Commons in three days.
At a special session of Parliament intended to ratify the deal, lawmakers instead voted 322-306 to withhold their approval until legislation to implement the agreement has been passed.
Some lawmakers have other ideas, and may yet delay the final decision more than three years after British voters opted to leave the 28-nation bloc.
The deal found a way to avoid a hard border between Ireland, an EU member, and the U.K.'s Northern Ireland.
It would only be parliament's fifth Saturday session since the eve of World War II.
Plans for tougher sentences for foreign criminals as well as violent offenders and legal targets for cutting plastic pollution were among some of the other major announcements made by the Queen.
The Supreme Court rebuke has reportedly led to a breakdown of trust between Buckingham Palace and Downing Street.
The vote could force the party to shorten its party conference, which is scheduled to last from Sunday to Wednesday or even cancel it altogether.
The UK Supreme Court judgement has hit Johnson's authority, prompting calls for his resignation and cast further doubt on his promise to pull Britain out of the EU on October 31, come what may.
Johnson announced the behind-closed-doors suspension decision -- known as a prorogation -- on August 28 while most MPs were still away on their summer holidays.
Opposition MPs and many members of Johnson's own Conservative Party had accused him of trying to escape parliamentary scrutiny during a crunch phase ahead of the October 31 Brexit deadline.
Johnson has refused to say whether he will resign if he is found to have broken the law or will seek to shut down Parliament again.