The event, hosted by UN General Assembly and World Health Organisation, focused on securing global accountability for protecting the health and rights of women, children and adolescents.
Modi also said the stability in the United Nations and empowerment of the world body are essential for the welfare of the world.
The prime minister explained that from India's 'Neighbourhood First Policy' to views on the Indo-Pacifc region, the country has always worked for the interests of humankind.
Modi said India's experiences and its developmental journey marked with its ups and downs will only add to strengthening the path to global welfare.
The Turkish President, a close ally of Pakistan, had last year also raised the issue of Kashmir in his address to the high-level General Debate in the General Assembly Hall.
Trump is not popular at the United Nations and his speech this year comes at a time when UN members are pushing back against Washington.
Virtual edition of UN General Assembly to see record participation of world leaders: UN chief Guterres
Prime Minister Narendra Modi will next week address the high-level meeting to mark the 75th anniversary of the United Nations and the General Debate.
Islamabad has consistently persecuted its ethnic and religious minorities including Hindus, Sikhs and Christians, India said.
Social distancing will not help at the international level; Unilateralism will only strengthen the pandemic.
Turkish diplomat Volkan Bozkir assumed charge as the President of the 75th session of the UN General Assembly, succeeding Nigeria's Tijjani Muhammad-Bande.
India votes in favour of UN General Assembly resolution, calling for multilateral cooperation to combat COVID
The measure, which has been negotiated since May, was adopted by an overwhelming majority of 169 countries out of 193, with Ukraine and Hungary abstaining.
The US is the host country of the United Nations and Trump will likely be the only world leader to address this year's virtual high-level week in-person.
India has firmly told Pakistan that the UT of Jammu and Kashmir has been, is and shall continue to be an integral part of India.
"We're hoping that President Donald Trump will actually be speaking in person in the General Assembly," US Ambassador Kelly Craft said
This is the eighth time that India will sit at the UN high-table, which comprises five permanent members and 10 non-permanent members.