"Polluters must pay," Guterres said.
Pakistan is among the ten countries most affected by extreme weather events despite its very low carbon footprint, according to the Global Climate Risk Index 2021 and Climate Watch.
Lt.Gen.Subramanian succeeds Lt.Gen.Shailesh Tinaikar, also from the Indian Army, "to whom the Secretary-General is grateful for his tireless dedication, invaluable service and effective leadership.
"Spoke about latest developments in respect of Afghanistan and Myanmar. Appreciate his interest in working with India to effectively address important contemporary challenges," he said.
Since taking power, the Taliban have rolled back women's rights in virtually every area, including crushing women's freedom of movement.
The conflict has in recent years become a regional proxy war that has killed more than 150,000 people, including over 14. 500 civilians.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres on Wednesday called upon nations to dial-down rhetoric and dial-up diplomacy.