Besides Justice Shukla, the agency had also named retired Chhattisgarh HC judge IM Quddusi, Bhagwan Prasad Yadav and Palash Yadav of the Prasad Education Trust in the FIR.
The high court held that the convict could not be charged under section 6 of POCSO Act as the oral sex does not fall in the category of aggravated sexual assault or sexual assault.
The top court allowed the appeal of the Uttar Pradesh government against the 2014 verdict of the Allahabad High Court.
The court also directed the UP chief secretary to issue directions to remove the confusion as different departments and agencies are being represented through different counsels, lacking coordination.
A bench of Justices LN Rao and BR Gavai issued notice to the Uttar Pradesh government and sought its response.
Judge Pawan Kumar Rai of special MP/ MLA court also slapped a penalty of Rs 2 lakh each on three convicts -- Gayatri, Ashok Tiwari and Ashish Shukla.
The Supreme Court said that the CBI shall investigate the matter independently without being influenced by any observation made in the judgment of the high court.
While fixing November 25 to hear the issue of quantum of compensation, the bench said if the hearing is not concluded on that day, it will continue the exercise the next day as well.
A bench comprising Justices S K Kaul and M M Sundresh said there must be a mechanism that if an accused approaches high court, then the bail applications are listed promptly for hearing.
During the course of the hearing, the counsel representing the state requested the court for three days' time to seek instructions and summon the case diary.
On Wednesday, the counsel for the state government had referred to the records and had alleged that it was the counsel for the convict who has been taking adjournments.
The plea filed by Mukhtar's sons Abbas Ansari and Umar Ansari was dismissed by the high court's Lucknow bench of justices Ramesh Sinha and Saroj Yadav.
The bench, in its order, noted that the counsel for the state government submitted that the petitioner had taken a number of adjournments when his criminal appeal was listed.
Allahabad High Court in an order passed on September 20, 2021, while dismissing the bail said "this is not a fit case to enlarge the applicant on bail. The application fails and is dismissed."
Justice Shrivastava exhorted the political parties to rise to the occasion to counter the criminalisation of politics.