Catalonia will move on Monday to declare independence from Spain after holding a banned referendum.
Nearly 337 people have been injured, some seriously, after Spanish police in riot gear cracked down on voters by firing rubber bullets and stormed polling stations to confiscate ballot boxes.
Celebrations in the streets of Barcelona contrast starkly with anger from Madrid, where Mariano Rajoy is slamming Catalonia's independence vote as an illegal affront to the rule of law.
Spanish national police moved to shut down a banned independence referendum in Catalonia on Sunday, confronting crowds of angry voters at some polling stations.
Catalans occupying polling stations overnight wake at dawn to set up voting areas for a banned referendum to become an independent state.
Voters head to the polls in an independence referendum in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, ignoring the threats and fears of further instability.