Voicing concern over reports of civilian deaths in the ongoing Ukraine conflict, India said that civilian infrastructure in urban areas have become easy targets in armed conflict.
The decision is applicable to hard, ordinary, and soft wheat, and wheat flour with a strict moratorium on export and re-export of wheat.
Global wheat production in 2022 is predicted to decline from the 2021 record level by 0.8 per cent, reaching 771 million tonnes and marking the first drop in four years.
IMF welcomes India's decision to relax ban on wheat exports; concerned by food, fertiliser export restrictions
A senior International Monetary Fund official observed that some 30 countries have curtailed exports of commodity goods including food and fuel since the war in Ukraine began.
Wheat exports were allowed on the basis of permission granted by the Indian government to other countries to meet their food security needs and based on the request of their governments.
The minister said that India "never-ever" was a traditional player in the international wheat market.
Yadav also accused the Narendra Modi-led government of going back on its promise for a committee on the minimum support price issue and to withdraw cases against farmers.
India is the world's second-biggest wheat producer, but the government -- itself the country's biggest buyer of the crop -- said it chose to protect food security for its mammoth population.
Centre clarifies that shipment of consignments registered with customs authorities before the ban will be allowed
He also argued that due to the economic policies of the Modi government, there was a complete breakdown of trust between states and the Centre.
Amid concerns of lower-thanexpected production, the government on Saturday announced a total ban on wheat export with immediate effect.
Wheat export ban will help crush attempts to hoard Indian wheat for price manipulation in global markets: Sources
India has banned wheat exports with immediate effect as part of measures to control rising domestic prices.
Roller Flour Millers Federation of India (RFMFI) President Anjani Aggarwal said the association had written to the government to regulate exports.
Farmgate prices get subdued by policy and farmers are unable to benefit from rising commodity prices while having to pay higher input costs, Bharat Krishak Samaj Chairman Ajay Vir Jakhar said.
However, the export shipments for which irrevocable letters of credit (LoC) have been issued on or before the date of this notification will be allowed, DGFT said in a notification dated May 13.
The minister said wheat exports have helped several countries in meeting the requirements of food security.
Chouhan said that in view of increase in the price of foodgrains at international level, the state government and wheat exporters should make combined efforts to ensure that farmers get benefits.
After global prices surged due to Russia's war against Ukraine, total shipments from the country have already touched a record of 6.6 million tonne this fiscal so far.