LONDON: Amrullah Saleh, the former vice-president of Afghanistan, who is now leading the Resistance Front against Taliban in Panjshir Valley, delineated the sequence of events that unfolded as Kabul fell to the outfit and how Afghan leadership abandoned the people of the war-ravaged country in the hour of need.
Writing for UK newspaper Daily Mail, Saleh, 48, who has declared himself as caretaker president of Afghanistan after former president Ashraf Ghani fled the country, says he believes those politicians who leave their country in moments of crisis betray its very soil.
He revealed how Afghan officials went underground instead of fighting the Taliban as the outfit fighters advanced towards Kabul last month.
"The night before Kabul fell, the police chief called me to say there was a revolt inside the prison and the Taliban inmates were attempting to escape. I had created a network of non-Taliban prisoners. I called them, and they started a counter revolt on my orders within the prison," he writes in Daily Mail.
"Mob control units were deployed along with some Afghan special forces and the situation in the prison was controlled," he adds.
He said he tried contacting the then Minister of Defence Bismillah Khan Mohammadi, then-Interior Minister, and their deputies on the morning of August 15. "But I could not find them".
"I did find very committed officials in both ministries who reported to me how they are not able to deploy the reserves or the commandoes to the frontlines," he recounts.
Saleh said he was unable to find deployable Afghan troops anywhere in the city in "desperate hour".
"I then spoke to the police chief of Kabul, a very brave man whom I wish all the best wherever he is. He informed me that the line in the east had fallen, two districts in the south had fallen, and the adjacent province of Wardak had fallen," he says.
"He asked for my help in deploying commandoes. I asked him if he could hold the front with whatever resources he had for an hour," he adds.
Saleh says he was not able to assemble any troops to help the police chief. So he tried to contact the presidential palace and former National Security Advisor Hamdullah Mohib, but it was of no use.
"I called the Palace. I messaged our National Security Adviser to say we have to do something. I got no response from anyone. And by 9 am that morning of August 15, Kabul was panicking," he says.
"The Intelligence Chief had visited me the evening before. I had asked him about his plan should the Taliban storm Kabul. 'My plan is to join you wherever you go,' he said. 'Even if we are blocked by the Taliban, we do our last battle together.," he added.
In an apparent swipe at former Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and other officials, Saleh said these politicians have "betrayed the people".
"They stay in these hotels and villas abroad. And then they call on the poorest Afghans to revolt. That's craven. If we want a revolt, the revolt has to be led," he writes.
"They may say now that they would have become martyrs had they remained in Afghanistan. Why not? We need leaders to become martyrs. They will say they would have been taken prisoner. Why not? We need leaders to serve as prisoners," he adds.
As no help and support arrived from the government side, Saleh turned to Ahmad Massoud, the son of his mentor Ahmed Shah Massoud.
"Instead I sent a message to Ahmad Massoud, son of my mentor, the late Massoud. 'My brother, where are you?' He said: 'I'm in Kabul and planning my next move'. I told him I was also in Kabul and offered to join forces," he writes.
Before leaving Kabul, Saleh went home to destroyed pictures of my wife and my daughters.
"I then went through my home and destroyed pictures of my wife and my daughters. I collected my computer and some belongings. I asked my chief guard, Rahim, to place his hand on my Koran," he writes
"We are going to Panjshir and the road is already taken,' I told him. 'We will fight our way through. We will fight it together. But should I get injured, I have one request of you. Shoot me twice in my head. I don't want to surrender to the Taliban. Ever," he adds.
Saleh's says they got into a convoy of a few armoured vehicles and two pickup trucks with guns mounted on them. The convoy was attacked twice on the way to Panjhsir.
"We crossed the northern pass with great difficulty because it has become a lawless territory. Thugs. Thieves. Taliban. We were attacked twice, but we survived. We fought our way with determination," he says.
"When we reached Panjshir, we got a message that the elders of the community had gathered in the mosque. I spoke to them for an hour and afterwards each of them rose in support," he adds.
Panjshir has been a tourist destination for 20 years, he says, adding "We had no military equipment, no ammunition here".
"But that night I drew up a strategy to toughen the province's defences. Then I received a call informing me that Ahmed Massoud was heading to Panjshir by helicopter. I felt a surge of hope course through me. We had our first meeting to strategise that night," he adds.
"Has it been easy to take up resistance? Absolutely not. I'm in a difficult situation, no doubt. I'm not made of steel I'm a human being. I have emotions. I'm aware that the Taliban want my head. But this is history. And we are in the centre of the history," he notes.
Saleh has asserted that the Taliban are being micromanaged by Pakistan notorious intelligence agency--the ISI, adding that Islamabad is in-charge of the war-ravaged country effectively as a colonial power.
In a piece in Daily Mail, Saleh, who has declared himself as caretaker president of Afghanistan and is now leading the Resistance Front against Taliban in Panjshir Valley, writes the Taliban's spokesperson receives directions, literally every hour, from the Pakistani embassy.
"It is the Pakistanis who are in-charge as effectively a colonial power. But this is not going to last... They may have territorial control, but as our history has shown, control of land does not necessarily mean control over the people or stability," Saleh, a vocal critic of Pakistan, said.
"For the Taliban have not won any hearts and minds. They have simply exploited the flawed policy of a fatigued American president -- not necessarily the United States itself -- and they are being micromanaged by Pakistan's notorious intelligence agency, the ISI. The Taliban's spokesperson receives directions, literally every hour, from the Pakistani embassy," he further writes.
Pakistan and its notorious intelligence agency have been accused of supporting the Taliban in taking over Afghanistan.
Experts believe that Pakistan has been a key player in removing the elected Afghan government from power and establishing the Taliban as a decisive power in Afghanistan. Recently, a UN Monitoring report has said that a significant part of the leadership of Al-Qaida resides in Afghanistan and Pakistan border region.
In the piece, Saleh hit out at the western power, saying betrayal of Afghanistan by the West is colossal.
"For 20 years, Western leaders promised not to stand on the Afghan constitution - and it is the spirit of that constitution I have carried in my heart here to the Panjshir Valley. Now those of us gathered here are fighting to preserve the promise contained in it," he notes.
Saleh called on the western countries to press for a political settlement with the Taliban, a settlement that has the backing of the Afghan people and the international community.
"I call upon the West not only to give us moral and - where possible - material support but also to use this opportunity to press for a political settlement with the Taliban, a settlement that has the backing of the Afghan people and the international community," he writes.
"Morally, the West owes this to every Afghan. I'm not begging them to save me. I am asking them to save their face, to save their dignity, to save their reputation and credibility," he adds.
has called on United Nations to do its utmost to prevent the Taliban's onslaught into the resistance stronghold.
Raising an alarm over the situation in Panjshir, Saleh in a letter to the UN said a large-scale humanitarian crisis is occurring across Panjshir province and three Andrabs districts in Baghlan province due to the economic blockade, telecommunication blackout by the Taliban.
"We call on the United Nations and the international community to do its utmost to prevent the Taliban's onslaught into Panjshir province and encourage, negotiate a political solution to ensure thousands of displaced and hosting civilians are saved," Saleh said.
Taliban and opposition forces are battling to control the Panjshir Valley north of Kabul, the last Afghan province holding out against the group. Saleh, along with Ahmad Massoud -- the son of famous Afghan commander Ahmad Shah Massoud -- another leader of the resistance, are presently in Panjshir valley and trying to mount a challenge to the Taliban.
The former vice president said that the Taliban and other foreign groups have unleashed a vicious attack against Panjshir and other free areas of northern Afghanistan.
"Around 250,000 two hundred and fifty thousand people including local women, children, elderly and 10,000 ten thousands of internally displaced persons (IDPs) who arrived in Panjshir after the fall Kabul and other large cities are also stuck inside these valleys and suffering from the consequences this inhuman blocked."
Saleh said that "if no attention is paid to this situation, a full-scale human rights and humanitarian catastrophe including starvation and mass killing, even genocide of these people are in the making."
"The internally displaced persons and locals displaced by the Taliban onslaught are currently staying in mosques, schools, health centers, and in open spaces under the naked sky," he added.
He further highlighted the urgent need for food, water, and sanitation to prevent the crisis. "They urgently need food, shelter, water and sanitation, health care and non-food items. Office of the Acting President Amrullah Saleh appeals to the international community, the United Nations, the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movements, NGOs and other charity organizations to rapidly and generously respond to this overwhelming humanitarian crisis."
The resistance forces in the country's northeastern province had said that they would continue fighting the Taliban as their negotiations did not lead to any results.
Last month, the Taliban captured Kabul after mounting a swift offensive in a matter of few weeks. So far, the Taliban have controlled all the regions apart from the Panjshir province.