India’s jails overcrowded; Uttar Pradesh fares worst

Among various categories of jails, the highest rate of overcrowding — 128.9% — was found in district jails. 

Published: 23rd October 2019 08:23 AM  |   Last Updated: 23rd October 2019 08:23 AM   |  A+A-


For representational purposes

By Express News Service

NEW DELHI: Indian prisons continue to be overburdened with an increasing number of inmates and are operating at the rate of 115% occupancy, according to the crime and prison statistics report of NCRB for 2017. 

Statistics show that the number of jail inmates was at a five-year high in 2017 and the overcrowding was also growing. The national average occupancy rate in India’s prisons stood at 115.1%, highest in three years from 2015-17.

The report states that overcrowding is “one of the biggest problems faced by prison inmates”. The report noted that overcrowding “results in poor hygiene, lack of sleep etc. Keeping in view the human rights of the prisoners, it is essential that they are given reasonable space and facilities in jails.”
According to the official data, during the period 2012-2017, the number of inmates (which includes detainees, convicts and undertrials) increased from 3,85,135 in 2012 to 4,50,696 in 2017 showing an increase of 17%.   

Uttar Pradesh leads the national tally with a staggering 165%  occupancy in its jails. This means that for a space in which 100 people can be accommodated, 165 people are being pushed in. Naxal-hit Chhattisgarh also has a high occupancy rate of 157.2%. 

Delhi is third in the tally with an occupancy rate of 151.2% while Lakshwadeep is at the bottom with just 3.1%. 

As of December 31, 2017, NCRB registered 4,50,696 inmates in prisons across the country, who were lodged in jails meant for 3,91,574 inmates. Among various categories of jails, the highest rate of overcrowding — 128.9% — was found in district jails. 

Stay up to date on all the latest Nation news with The New Indian Express App. Download now


Disclaimer : We respect your thoughts and views! But we need to be judicious while moderating your comments. All the comments will be moderated by the editorial. Abstain from posting comments that are obscene, defamatory or inflammatory, and do not indulge in personal attacks. Try to avoid outside hyperlinks inside the comment. Help us delete comments that do not follow these guidelines.

The views expressed in comments published on are those of the comment writers alone. They do not represent the views or opinions of or its staff, nor do they represent the views or opinions of The New Indian Express Group, or any entity of, or affiliated with, The New Indian Express Group. reserves the right to take any or all comments down at any time.

flipboard facebook twitter whatsapp