All you need to know about Maratha community's demand for reservation

Maratha protesters have attacked buses, stopped train services and blocked highways in parts of Maharashtra as part of their latest round of agitation, which has even seen a youth commit suicide.

Published: 26th July 2018 08:16 AM  |   Last Updated: 26th July 2018 01:16 PM   |  A+A-

PTI7_25_2018_000053A

Maratha Kranti Morcha activists stop the traffic during their statewide bandh called for reservations in jobs and education at Thane in Mumbai on Wednesday July 25 2018. | PTI

By Express News Service

The Marathas, who form around a third of Maharashtra's nearly 13 crore population, held over 50 'mook morchas' (silent marches) in 2016 and 2017 across Maharashtra pressing for reservation among other demands.

From a series of huge, silent and disciplined marches to violent demonstrations, the protest by the Maratha community now is an antithesis of their efforts to seek reservations in jobs and education.

What is the Maratha agitation all about?

  • Marathas are an influential community, making up nearly 32 per cent of Maharashtra’s population.

  • Well-settled community

  • 80 % and above land owned by Marathas in Maharashtra.

  • 86 of 105 sugar factories owned by Marathas

  • 55 % educational institutions

  • 70 % cooperative bodies controlled

  • 60 % of all Maharashtra MLAs since 1962

  • 12 of 18 chief ministers were Marathas

What are the major issues raised by Marathas?

  • Economic liberalization

  • Lack of jobs

  • Agrarian crisis

What are their demands?

  • Demand for Maratha quota began in 2016

  • Kunbis, non-elite tillers from community already in OBC quota since 1989

  • Marathas want to halt recruitment to govt posts

Political appeasement

  • 16% quota granted by UPA government in 2014

  • Bombay High Court struck down quota

  • BJP government brought in a new Bill to grant quota

  • Govt challenged HC order in SC

  • Case pending in HC

  • Govt panel set up to collect evidence of socio-economic backwardness of community

  • Proposal sent to state backward class commission

The agitation was called off by the Maratha Kranti Morcha coordination committee on Wednesday (25 July 2018) afternoon as the stir for a quota for Marathas turned violent at several places, including Navi Mumbai and Thane.

The police had arrested 20 people for instigating violence in the guise of participating in the Maratha Morcha, and Navi Mumbai MLC Narendra Patil blamed 'unknown' persons for the violence.

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