Is freedom of speech under threat in newer democracies like Poland, Hungary and Turkey?

Published: 29th December 2017 02:12 PM  |   Last Updated: 29th December 2017 05:55 PM  

Poland has a vibrant and diverse media scene, but the country is also among a group of young democracies where media freedom is starting to come under pressure as part of broader efforts of a populist government to consolidate its power. (Photo | AP)
Poland's right-wing populist government has been repeatedly condemned by the European Union and others for eroding judicial independence. It also has taken firm control of the public media, purging journalists seen as too liberal or as opposing the government. (Photo | AP)
The main independent newspaper in Hungary, Nepszabadsag, was closed last year under political pressure and most surviving media groups are now controlled by allies of Prime Minister Viktor Orban, who will be seeking a fourth term next year. (Photo | AP)
The July 2016 overthrow attempt intensified repression of journalists and was part of a broader purge by Turkish President Erdogan that has targeted tens of thousands of people. More than 150 media organizations have been closed down. (Photo | AP)
According to Reporters Without Borders, 122 reporters, writers and other media professionals are behind bars, many held in pretrial detention for more than a year. (Photo | AP)
In several countries including India, news organizations are under attack in dramatic ways, as elected governments turn public outlets into their mouthpieces and try to silence critical voices. (Photo | AP)
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