France: Climate Deal Done, Aims Well Below 2 Degrees Celsius

196 nations clinch historic Paris climate treaty agreeing to limit increase in global average temperature to under 2°Celsius

Published: 13th December 2015 05:05 AM  |   Last Updated: 13th December 2015 07:59 AM   |  A+A-

NEW DELHI: The world on Saturday agreed to a new climate agreement, to be implemented from 2020, with 196 countries adopting the Paris pact to save the planet from global warming with both developed and developing countries agreeing to cut emissions to limit the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 degrees

Celsius above pre-industrial levels. The 31-page draft was adopted after correction of a typo in Article 4.4 of the draft which was reportedly raised by the US.

It reduced responsibility on the part of the developed world to take absolute emission cut by replacing “shall” take measures with “should” take measures.

The article in the draft text had read: “Developed country parties shall continue taking the lead by undertaking economy-wide absolute emission reduction targets” but reportedly “shall” was not acceptable. In the plenary session, “shall” was termed as a typo and changed to “should” which was viewed as a clear dilution of the particular article by many. While the negotiators were celebrating the new climate deal, countries like Nicaragua said they cannot support the agreement as it fails to address many issues critical to them.

The draft was adopted by delegates soon after correction of the particular typo and several other errors amidst a huge round of applause from all participants.

The final agreement watered down obligations on the part of developed nations on providing funds to poor countries to take measures to meet the challenges posed by climate change and taking liability for any loss and damage associated with the adverse effects of climate change.

French President Francois Hollande called Prime Minister Narendra Modi to apprise him of the latest status of negotiations after the release of the draft. Earlier in the day, releasing the final draft, French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius said that it is fair, durable and legally binding and would aim at limiting warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius and try for an even more ambitious goal of 1.5 degrees Celsius.

India also welcomed the deal as balanced and said its concerns have been addressed in the document. However, civil society groups criticised it saying it falls short of a fair deal and the biggest historical polluters have been let off the hook. The document does talk about developed nations providing $100 billion per year from 2020 to developing nations but that is not binding and there is no clarity on how much finance will be delivered, when it will be delivered, or how much of it will be available for adaptation.

Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar said there has been mention of Common But Differentiated Responsibility under all heads in the final text but NGOs said there was a weakening of stand. 

Stay up to date on all the latest Nation news with The New Indian Express App. Download now
(Get the news that matters from New Indian Express on WhatsApp. Click this link and hit 'Click to Subscribe'. Follow the instructions after that.)

Comments

Disclaimer : We respect your thoughts and views! But we need to be judicious while moderating your comments. All the comments will be moderated by the newindianexpress.com editorial. Abstain from posting comments that are obscene, defamatory or inflammatory, and do not indulge in personal attacks. Try to avoid outside hyperlinks inside the comment. Help us delete comments that do not follow these guidelines.

The views expressed in comments published on newindianexpress.com are those of the comment writers alone. They do not represent the views or opinions of newindianexpress.com or its staff, nor do they represent the views or opinions of The New Indian Express Group, or any entity of, or affiliated with, The New Indian Express Group. newindianexpress.com reserves the right to take any or all comments down at any time.

flipboard facebook twitter whatsapp