All You Need to Know About Indian Ships Participating in IFR 2016

Published: 01st February 2016 11:20 PM  |   Last Updated: 01st February 2016 11:20 PM   |  A+A-

Khukri class

The Khukri class of missile corvettes are built to the specifications of a light, fast, heavily armed surface corvette capable of carrying a Chetak helicopter. The first two ships of the class were built by Mazagon Docks Limited, Mumbai and the

follow-on ships by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE), Kolkata. The ship is fitted with an MR gun, CIWS, chaff launchers, four SSM launchers and sixteen shoulder launched antiaircraft missiles, a weapon and sensor complex

truly capable of providing an enviable punch for their size and displacement. Three ships of the class, INS Kirpan, INS Kuthar and INS Khanjar are participating in the review.

Kora class

The Kora class of missile corvettes are indigenously designed and built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE), Kolkata as a follow-on to the Khukri class. Capable of effective and precise surface-to-surface missile attacks and close range anti-missile defence, their versatility enables them to assume a significant role in protecting sensitive  harbours and coastal installations. The ship is equipped with an air surveillance radar, an MR gun and a CIWS to provide effective AMD. The ships are also capable of operating Chetak helicopters. Two ships of the class, INS Kirch and INS Karmuk are participating in the review.

INSV Mhadei

INSV Mhadei was designed by Van De Stadt Design Bureau, Netherlands and indigenously constructed by M/s Aquarius Fibreglas Private Limited. The boat is named after the river Mandovi, locally known as Mhadei, in Goa. Measuring 56 feet in length and displacing 23 tons, the boat has a suite of eight sails comprising two main sails, two genoas, one stay and storm gib each and two gennekars. She is also fitted with the latest communication and navigation equipment

and has facilities for paperless navigation and internet broadband and telephony anywhere in the world. The sloop has the unique distinction of having circumnavigated the globe twice on sail alone. She has also taken part in various trans-oceanic races and performed commendably. She has to her credit, sailed more than  1 lakh nautical miles since induction in February 2009

Kolkata Class

INS Kolkata is the lead ship of the 7400-ton Kolkata class guided missile stealth destroyers to be built in India. Successor to the well-known Delhi class, Kolkata is the largest destroyer to be operated by the Indian Navy and was commissioned in 2014. The ship is equipped with a state-of-the-art weapon-sensor suite to bolster overall combat capability which includes advanced surface-to-surface missiles, vertical launch long range surface-to-air missiles, heavy weight torpedoes, ASW rockets, MR gun and CIWS. The sensor suite includes multi-functional active phased array radar, bow mounted sonar, air surveillance radar and surface search radar. The ship is capable of carrying two Sea King helicopters. The first ship of the class, INS Kolkata, is participating in the review.

Survey Ships

The Indian Navy has a fleet of survey ships that primarily carry out hydrographic survey operations to prepare maritime charts for seafarers. They are equipped with state-of-the-art hydrographic systems, which include multi-beam swath echo

sounders, single-beam echo sounders, acoustic doppler, digital side scan sonars and real time data logging and processing suites. Their capabilities are enhanced by four survey motor boats, two Gemini craft, one rigid hull inflatable boat and

an integral helicopter flight to aid survey missions. In their secondary role, these ships can be modified into fifty-bed floating hospital ships with allied medical facilities and emergency life support equipment. INS Nirupak, INS Darshak and INS Sandhayak are participating in the review.

Submarines

INS Nireekshak is the Indian Navy’s only Submarine Rescue and Saturation Diving Vessel. The ship was commissioned in 1995 at Mumbai and ever since, has been the torch bearer for saturation diving, submarine rescue and salvage operations in the Indian Navy. In the field of submarine rescue, the ship has immense capability to undertake dry and wet mating with submarines of the Indian Navy. The ship has the unique distinction of having conducted the deepest

dives in India up to a depth of 275 mtrs (chamber dive) and 257 mtrs (wet dive). These dives have placed the Indian Navy in a select group of navies that can boast of dive capability enabling life support to submarines at extended depths of 250 mtrs and beyond.

The Sindhughosh class of submarines, designated 877 EKM, were designed and built under a contract between the erstwhile Soviet Union and India. A total of ten submarines were inducted between 1986 and 2000. Also called the Kilo class in NATO parlance, these diesel-electric submarines have a displacement of roughly 3,000 tons, a maximum diving depth of 300 mtrs, top speed of 18 knots and are able to operate solo for forty-five days with a crew of fifty-three. They are equipped with an array of anti-ship and anti-submarine weaponry including the Klub anti-ship cruise missile with a range of 220 km. Three boats of the class, INS Sindhuraj, INS Sindhuvir and INS Sindhukirti are participating in the review.

LST(L) Class

The LST(L) class of ships form the front line of the Indian Navy’s amphibious warfare capabilities. The five ships of this class have been indigenously designed and built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE), Kolkata. The LST(L)s can carry fifteen tanks, ten trucks and over two hundred troops. They have an integral commando carrying, Sea King helicopter for airborne induction and four LCAs (Landing Craft Assault) for launching amphibious assaults over the horizon. The ships have time and again played key roles in logistic support of island territories and in large seaborne movement of troops and equipment. INS Shardul, INS Kesari and INS Airavat are participating in the review.

Aircraft Carriers

INS Vikramaditya is a modified Kiev class aircraft carrier which entered ervice with the Indian Navy in 2013. She has been named after Vikramaditya, the legendary 1st century BCE emperor of India. She was commissioned on 16 November 2013 at Severodvinsk, Russia. On 14 June 2014, Hon’ble Prime Minister of India Shri Narendra Modi formally inducted INS Vikramaditya into the Indian Navy and dedicated it to the nation. With a capacity of over 8,000 tons of LSHSD, she is capable of operations over a range of 7,000 nm non-stop. The ship has the ability to carry over 30 aircraft comprising an assortment of MiG 29K/Sea Harrier fighter aircraft and Kamov 31, Kamov 28, Sea King, ALH-Dhruv and Chetak helicopters. The MiG 29K swing role fighter is the main offensive platform and provides a quantum jump for the Indian Navy’s maritime strike capability. These fourth-generation air superiority fighters provide a significant fillip for the Indian Navy with a range of over 700 nm and an array of weapons including anti-ship missiles, Beyond Visual Range (BVR) air-to-air missiles, guided bombs and rockets.

INS Viraat was commissioned into the Indian Navy on 12 May 1987 and since then the ship has served as the Flagship of the Western Fleet with pride. With an overall length of 227m, breadth of 46m and displacement of 29,000 tons, the ship is capable of operating the VSTOL Sea Harrier fighter as well as the Sea King, Kamov 31, indigenous ALH and Chetak helicopters. The ship is capable of carrying 30 aircraft in various configurations. Viraat is a conventional steam propelled ship and routinely operates at sea for durations upwards of three months at a time, while sustaining speeds up to 28 knots. The ship has a complement of 150 officers and 1500 sailors complete with attendant logistics infrastructure.

Talwar Class

The Talwar class guided missile frigates were designed and built in Russia and inducted into the Indian Navy between 2003 and 2004. The Teg class guided missile frigates are the follow-on ships of the Talwar class stealth frigates and were commissioned between 2012 and 2013. These ships incorporate latest stealth features which include reduced radar, infrared, acoustic and magnetic signatures. This is complemented by an advanced sensor suite, combat management system and an integral Airborne Early Warning Kamov 31 helicopter. In its offensive role, its formidable arsenal comprises vertical launch long range surface-to-surface missiles, long-range anti-ship and anti-submarine torpedoes and an MR gun. The ship’s impregnable defensive capability is provided by a sophisticated area defence surface-to-air missile system and two versatile CIWS complexes besides a range of hard and soft kill measures. INS Tabar, INS Teg and INS Tarkash are participating in the review.

Shivalik Class

The 5300-ton Shivalik class guided missile frigates were designed by the Indian Navy’s Design Organisation and

built by Mazagon Docks Limited, Mumbai. The three ships of the class were commissioned in 2010, 2011 and 2012 respectively. Stealth is a major feature in the design of these highly potent platforms. Their design also embodies features for enhanced survivability, sea keeping, ship handling and onboard habitability. With long range anti-ship missiles, she can destroy targets at extended ranges. Medium and short range surface-to-air missiles augmented by an MR gun mount

and Close in Weapon Systems (CIWS), provide an impregnable shield against all threats. The ships are capable of carrying two Sea King helicopters each. All three ships of the class, INS Shivalik, INS Satpura and INS Sahyadri are participating in the review.

Brahmaputra Class

The Brahmaputra class of guided missile frigates were indigenously designed as a follow-on to the Godavari class of ships. These were built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE), Kolkata and inducted into service between 2000 and 2005. Like the Godavari class, these ships also derive their names from prominent rivers of India. They pack a powerful punch with their weapons and sophisticated electronic warfare suite along with modern underwater sensors. In addition, they can carry two Sea King helicopters each, thereby extending their sphere of influence and combat prowess. Their role is to influence the battle in all three dimensions at sea. The last ship of the class, INS Beas, is participating in the review.

Tankers

INS Jyoti was built by the Admiralty Shipyard, St. Petersburg, Russia as a merchant tanker. During construction, it was

modified to the specifications of the Indian Navy and commissioned on 30 July 1996. Displacing 35,900 tons at full load, she can simultaneously replenish three warships, one on each beam and the third astern. With her double skin hull and special equipment fitted onboard to prevent marine and environmental pollution, INS Jyoti is an eco-friendly tanker.

The double skin construction in the cargo space prevents an oil spill in case of damage to any fuel tank.

INS Shakti was inducted into the Indian Navy on 01 October 2011 marking a major milestone in the operational reach of the Indian Navy. The ship is a versatile fleet tanker capable of multi-ship abeam and astern replenishment operations, fuelling multiple ships at a time, with a transfer rate of 1500 tons per hour. She can carry 17,900 tons of cargo, including 15,500 tons of liquid cargo (water, ship and aircraft fuel) and 500 tons of solid cargo (victuals and ammunition).  Workshop facilities on the ship can support other ships of the fleet and it is capable of supporting heavy helicopters. She

is also equipped with state-of-the art electronics, medical facilities and storage spaces.

Training Squadron

INS Tir is the first dedicated cadets training ship designed by the Indian Navy and constructed by Mazagon Docks

Limited, Mumbai. The ship was commissioned on 21 February 1986 and is the senior ship of the First Training Squadron comprising five ships, including two sail training ships, based at Kochi. The ship has been built to commercial standards and can carry up to 120 cadets and 20 instructors. The ship is capable of operating a helicopter.

INS Tarangini and INS Sudarshini are tall ships of the Indian Navy, built by Goa Shipyard Limited. They were  constructed to a design by British naval architect Colin Mudie. Both ships are threemasted barques, square rigged on the

fore and main masts and fore and aft rigged on the mizzen mast. Tarangini was commissioned in 1997 and Sudarshini

in 2012. Both ships participating in the review are Sail Training Ships (STS) for naval cadets and form part of the First

Training Squadron, based at Kochi.

Kamorta Class

The Kamorta class is the first indigenous anti-submarine stealth corvette built by India. The ships have CODAD propulsion and advanced stealth features that make her less susceptible to detection. The ship is well equipped to fight in

Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) warfare conditions. The weapons and sensors suite is predominantly indigenous,

showcasing the nation’s growing capability in developing and deploying high performance, sophisticated weapon systems

and equipment. Apart from her integral Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) capable helicopter, the formidable array of weapons include heavy weight torpedoes, ASW rockets, 76 mm calibre medium range gun and two multi-barrel 30 mm guns as Close in Weapon System (CIWS) with dedicated fire control systems. INS Kamorta and INS Kadmatt are participating in the review

NOPV Class

The NOPV class of ships are conceived, designed and built indigenously by Goa Shipyard Limited, Goa. These ships are among the latest platforms of the Indian Navy and have been primarily designed to undertake prolonged operations off the Gulf of Aden towards meeting the constabulary role of the Indian Navy. The ships are also capable of being deployed for undertaking patrolling of offshore platforms as part of EEZ surveillance. They have been conceptualized and designed to operate with the indigenous Advance Light Helicopter (ALH) embarked onboard the increasing gamut of operations manifold. All four NOPVs, INS Sumitra, INS Sunayna, INS Saryu and INS Sumedha are participating in the review. Further, INS Sumitra has the proud privilege of being the Presidential Yacht for the International Fleet Review 2016.

OPV Class

The Indian Navy has six Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPVs) in service. While IN ships Sukanya, Subhadra and Suvarna were built in South Korea, Savitri, Sharda and Sujata were built at Hindustan Shipyard Limited, Visakhapatnam. Subhadra

and Suvarna have now been converted into strategic Dhanush missile launch platforms. OPVs are the workhorses of the fleet and can be deployed for prolonged durations owing to their high endurance. Their primary roles include surveillance in the Exclusive Economic Zone and protection of offshore assets. In more recent times, the ships have also undertaken anti-piracy patrols in the Gulf of Aden. Four ships of the class, INS Sukanya, INS Subhadra, INS Suvarna and INS Sujata are participating in the review.

Rajput Class

The 5000-ton Rajput class of ships are modified versions of the Soviet Kashin class destroyers built for the Indian Navy.

These ships were commissioned between 1980 and 1988. In recent years, they have been retrofitted with a state-of-the-art

weapons and sensor package designed for multi-dimensional combat operations. The ship is fitted with vertically launched Brahmos anti-ship supersonic cruise missile system with precision attack capability, whilst the fitment of Barak Point Defence Missile System augments the anti-air/ antimissile capability. The ship is also a potent Anti-Submarine Warfare platform with indigenous sonar and an integral Kamov 28 helicopter which can seek and destroy submarines. INS Ranvir and INS Ranvijay are participating in the review.

Godavari Class

The Godavari class of ships are indigenous guided missile frigates designed by the Indian Navy’s Directorate of Naval Design and built by Mazagon Docks Limited, Mumbai. The ships of the class derive their names from prominent rivers of India. Inducted into service between 1983 and 1986, they are lethal, multirole platforms with powerful capabilities in all three dimensions of naval warfare. They pack a powerful punch with their sophisticated electronic warfare suite along with modern underwater sensors. The ships are capable of carrying two Sea King helicopters each. The latest ship of the class, INS Ganga, is participating in the review.

MARS

INS Sagardhwani is the Indian Navy’s only Marine Acoustic Research Ship (MARS), indigenously designed and constructed by Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers, Kolkata. The ship, being a scientific platform, is well equipped with eight laboratories manned by scientists to undertake underwater scientific missions. It is also utilised for testing of experimental torpedoes and underwater vehicles, as a test platform for design-stage underwater sensors and weapons and as a floating platform for tracking and parameter monitoring of experimental launches. In its naval role the ship undertakes limited deployments, primarily logistical, to the Lakshadweep & Minicoy Islands. In addition, the ship is also used for SAR and surveillance missions.

Missilve Corvettes

The first five missile corvettes are customised Indian versions of the Soviet Tarantul class of ships and were acquired from the erstwhile Soviet Union between 1987 and 1989. The rest have been built by Mazagon Docks Limited, Mumbai and Goa Shipyard Limited. They were commissioned between 1991 and 2002. These ships inherit their names from the illustrious 25th Killer missile boat squadron that acquitted themselves commendably in the 1971 Indo-Pak war. Lightweight, agile and packed with a wide arsenal of weapons and sensors, these platforms are ideally suited for search and attack missions, patrol and forward deployment. Two ships of the class, INS Nirbhik and INS Vibhuti, are participating in the review.

MCMS

21 MCMS ships are modified NATYA class minesweepers acquired from Russia and commissioned at Riga (erstwhile USSR). Given the current conventional as well as asymmetric security scenario, the role of the squadron

assumes great significance in keeping sealanes mine-free, protecting naval assets and for clearing minefields off harbours and choke points. The ships are fitted with Mine Hunting Sonar (MHS), advanced Side Scan Sonars (SSS), Clip on Sweeps (CLOIS) and Expendable Mine Disposal System (EMDS). INS Cuddalore, INS Kozhikode, INS Cannanore and INS Konkan form part of the 21 Mine Counter Measures Squadron based at Visakhapatnam. All four ships of the class are participating in the review.

Indian Coast Guard Ships participating in IFR

ICGS Samudra Paheredar is the second pollution control vessel of its kind based at Visakhapatnam. The ship has been built indigenously by M/s ABG Shipyard Limited, Surat and was commissioned in 2012. The ship is equipped with state-of-the-art pollution response equipment and is capable of unhindered oil recovery operations with storage capability of 500 KL. The vessel is capable of operating ALH Dhruv and Chetak helicopters and undertaking search and rescue, maritime law enforcement, EEZ surveillance, high speed interdiction and marine pollution response missions.

ICGS Vishwast is the first of its class Offshore Patrol Vessel and has been indigenously designed and built by Goa Shipyard Limited. Commissioned in 2010, the ship is fitted with sophisticated equipment such as Integrated Bridge System, Integrated Machinery Control System, Integrated Power Management System, High Power External Fire Fighting System and an indigenous CRN 91 gun mount. The ship is designed to operate both Chetak and ALH Dhruv helicopters.

Griffon class hovercraft

ICG had about 10 years ago inducted six hovercrafts that formed the first fleet of Air Cushion Vehicles (ACVs) in the force. Three each of the first lot of ACVs were based in Tamil Nadu and in Gujarat coasts. 12 ACVs have been designed and are being built by Griffon Hoverwork Limited in the United Kingdom. The 21-metre-long ACV displaces 31 tonnes and can achieve a maximum speed of 45 knots. The ACV is capable of undertaking multifarious tasks such as surveillance, interdiction, search and rescue and rendering assistance to small boats and craft in distress at sea.

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