NEW DELHI: In line with rising temperatures across the globe, all India mean temperatures have risen nearly 0.60 degree Celcius over the last 110 years, according to the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD).
Replying to question in the Rajya Sabha, the government said that the IMD studies have highlighted that extreme events like heat waves have risen in the last 30 years.
“Similarly, trends in extreme rainfall events in last century showed significant positive trend over the west coast and north western parts of peninsula,” it further said.
Citing the fifth Assessment report (AR5) of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published in 2014, the government said that the globally averaged combined land and ocean surface temperature has risen by 0.85 0C (0.65 to 1.06) over the period 1880 to 2012.
Many extreme weather and climate events like heat waves, heavy precipitation and tropical cyclones have been observed since about 1950.
Explaining about the steps taken, it further said that the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) in June 2008 to deal with the climate change and related issues.
“NAPCC comprises of eight Missions in specific areas of solar energy, enhanced energy efficiency, habitat, water, sustaining Himalayan ecosystems, forestry, agriculture and strategic knowledge for climate change, which addresses the issues relating to mitigation of greenhouse gases and adaptation to the adverse impacts of climate change on environment, forests, habitat, water resources and agriculture,” said the government.
All States and Union Territories (UTs) have also been requested to prepare State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC) in line with the objectives of the NAPCC highlighting state specific issues relating to climate change. So far, 32 States and UTs have prepared their SAPCC.