Karnataka, which is home to over 6.11 crore people, has performed relatively better in population control. The total fertility rate is likely to reach the 11th five year plan target of 1.8 child per woman for the year 2012.
A report of the Karnataka Economic Survey 2012-13, which was tabled at the Karnataka Assembly recently, revealed that the fertility rate has been reduced to the replacement level (two child per couple) against the Indian government set target of 2.1 to be achieved by 2012.
Among the other achievements of the Department of Health and Family Welfare includes decline in infant mortality to around 12 per 1,000 live births from about 50 in 2004 to 35 in 2012.
The report however said that the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR), which was about 35 in 2012, is far higher than the 11th five year plan target of 24 set for the year 2012.
Considering the imminent challenge, the state has been at the forefront of introducing several programmes to tackle the issue, the report said.
The report said that IMR has been brought down from 47 to 38 per 1,000 live births during 2007-2012, Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) reduced from 228 to 178 per 1,00,000 live births, Institutional delivery increased from 65 per cent to 97 per cent and immunisation of children from 80 per cent to 95 per cent.
In Karnataka, during 2009-10 to 2011-12 no Malaria deaths have been reported.
It also highlighted that the state has achieved the establishment of primary health infrastructure in rural areas and fulfilled the norms required under the ‘minimum needs programme’ at the aggregate level.
There are 8,871 sub-centres, 2,346 Primary Health Centres, 186 Community Health Centres and taluk hospitals in rural areas.
Apart from the centres of excellence in Ayush, there are 76 Ayurvedic hospitals and 561 dispensaries, 11 Unani hospitals, 50 Unani dispensaries, 10 Homeopathy hospitals and 43 hospitals and 43 dispensaries, six Nature Cure and Yoga hospitals and five dispensaries in the state. Ten Yoga and Nature Cure units were also set up on the PPP model across the state.
There are 18 district hospitals, 10 other hospitals and 28 autonomous and teaching Hospitals in the state.