Use of seemai karuvelam seeds as cattle feed controls its spread

While State authorities and voluntary organisations in Tamil Nadu are trying to eliminate Seemai Karuvelam (Prosopis juliflora), scientists at the Central Arid Zone Research Institute (CAZRI) in Jodhp

Published: 15th November 2017 02:43 AM  |   Last Updated: 15th November 2017 07:35 AM   |  A+A-

Express News Service

COIMBATORE: While State authorities and voluntary organisations in Tamil Nadu are trying to eliminate Seemai Karuvelam (Prosopis juliflora), scientists at the Central Arid Zone Research Institute (CAZRI) in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, have found a way to control the uncontrolled spread of this invasive species.

At the CAZRI, the shrub’s pods, together with the seeds, are ground and mixed with feed given to lactating cattle. This make the feed balanced and lowers its price considerably, while incresing milk production by 10 per cent, said B K Mathur, Head, Livestock Production Systems and Range Management Division, Central Arid Zone Research Institute .

“We grind the pods and mix up to 25 per cent of it with fodder. Added along with it are seed-cakes of tumba and til, guar korma, wheat bran, maize, salt and mineral mixture. Since much of the seeds get used for feed, not many are left to germinate,” he said.

While tumba (Cucumis colocynthis) is Kattuvellari in Tamil, til (sesame) is Ellu and guar (cluster bean) is Kothavaranga.

The hardy, drought-tolerant Seemai Karuvelam was introduced in the southern districts of Tamil Nadu in the 1960s to be used as firewood. But now it has become a threat to the environment as it draws a lot of water.

In Tamil Nadu also, Prosopis pods are eaten by goats and cattle, but the seeds get excreted with the dung,” said Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Vice Chancellor A Ramasamy.

As the seeds don’t get digested, they germinate after the animals excrete them.

“We have not tried crushing the pods and seeds and adding it to cattle feed. But once crushed, it will not germinate” he added.

Recently, the High Court had ordered the State government to initiate steps to eradicate Seemai Karuvelam in response to a public interest litigation filed by MDMK leader Vaiko.

Stay up to date on all the latest Tamil Nadu news with The New Indian Express App. Download now

Comments

Disclaimer : We respect your thoughts and views! But we need to be judicious while moderating your comments. All the comments will be moderated by the newindianexpress.com editorial. Abstain from posting comments that are obscene, defamatory or inflammatory, and do not indulge in personal attacks. Try to avoid outside hyperlinks inside the comment. Help us delete comments that do not follow these guidelines.

The views expressed in comments published on newindianexpress.com are those of the comment writers alone. They do not represent the views or opinions of newindianexpress.com or its staff, nor do they represent the views or opinions of The New Indian Express Group, or any entity of, or affiliated with, The New Indian Express Group. newindianexpress.com reserves the right to take any or all comments down at any time.

FIFA-World-Cup-2018