Cardinal George Pell could walk free if the judges acquit him of the five convictions for molesting two choirboys in a cathedral in Melbourne more than two decades ago.
Australian Cardinal George Pell faces new legal battle over failure to report child abuse by priests
Pell, who was the episcopal vicar for education in the regional hub of Ballarat at the time, is accused of allowing Dowan to be moved from school to school despite having knowledge of his crimes.
George Pell, the most senior Catholic clergyman ever found guilty of child sex abuse, faces a maximum 50 years in prison for assaulting two choirboys in a Melbourne cathedral in 1996-97.
He was found guilty in a retrial last December, with the verdict sending shockwaves through the Vatican and around the world.