Apart from Anjali, 20km race walker Krishnan Ganapathi was excluded despite achieving the qualifying mark.
Usha's most memorable performance came in the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics where she became the first Indian to reach the finals of the 400m hurdles, but lost the bronze by one-hundredth of a second.
In the build-up to the 2009 world championships in Berlin, where Semenya went on to win gold in the 800m, the South African had to undergo gender verification testing.
The South African double Olympic 80m champion is locked in a bitter dispute with the IAAF.
From a documentary on systematic doping in Russian athletics airing in December 2014, here are the main events.
The IAAF measures were previously approved by the Lausanne-based Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS).
The IAAF insisted the rules were essential to preserve a level playing field and ensure that all female athletes can see "a path to success".
In a rare intrusion in the world of sport, the United Nations' top rights body has passed a resolution stating that the IAAF may be in breach of international human rights norms and standards.
In response to the report, the IAAF -- stressing it was referring in general terms, not to Semenya in particular -- denied it intended to classify any DSD athlete as male.
Supported by the South African Athletics Federation, the two-time Olympic champion in the 800m (2012, 2016) and three-time world champion (2009, 2011, 2017) has denounced the proposals.
Hailing from a village on the banks of Brahmaputra, athlete Hima Das doesn’t understand the fuss over her background, instead wants future perfect.
The 18-year-old Das, daughter of farmer parents at Kandhulimari village at Nagaon district, has become the toast of the nation after she won a gold at the IAAF World U-20 Athletics Championships.
The daughter of a rice farmer from a village in Assam's Nagaon district, Hima scripted history by becoming the first Indian woman to win a gold at the IAAF World Under-20 Athletics Championships.
President Ram Nath Kovind, PM Narendra Modi congratulate Hima Das for scripting history at IAAF World U-20 Athletics Championships
Taking to social media, President Kovind congratulated sprinter Das for her performance and said it is a "very proud" moment for Assam and India.
A ban on Russia would have a major impact on competition in Pyeongchang, notably in disciplines like figure skating, cross-country skiing, speed skating and bobsleigh.