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The rights watchdog said an aggressive campaign to recruit children had begun in mid-2017, with the jihadists taking reprisals against communities who refuse to cooperate.
The area where the attack took place has been struck frequently in recent years by Al-Qaeda-linked Shabaab militants.
Forty-six of the 51 MPs present in the lower house approved the law, which must now go through the upper house before being signed by the president.
Somalia's prime minister, Hassan Ali Khaire, fired three key ministers today after weeks of political conflict with opposition and clan leaders.
The U.S. has carried out 35 drone strikes in Somalia this year against al-Shabab and a small but growing presence of Islamic State group-linked fighters.
The United States has carried out 34 drone strikes in Somalia this year after the Trump administration expanded military efforts against Africa's deadliest Islamic extremist group.
A suicide bomber blew himself up inside the main police academy in Somalia's capital Mogadishu on Friday with several people feared dead, police said.
Only a few attacks since the ones on Sept. 11, 2001 have killed as many people, according to the Global Terrorism Database at the University of Maryland.
As many as 512 died in an October truck bombing in the Somali capital Mogadishu, an emergency committee investigating the terrorist atrocity has found.
The statement from the U.S. Africa Command says the airstrike was carried out Monday afternoon in coordination with Somalia's government.
The US military has in recent months upped the tempo of its operations in Somalia, conducting a growing number of drone strikes against Shabaab and other jihadists.
Somaliland, which broke away in 1991 from troubled Somalia, went to polls today two years behind schedule, in a bid to prove its democratic credentials and strengthen its case for independence.
Earlier in October, more than 300 people were killed in the massive twin truck bombings in Somalia's capital.
The United States has ordered all non-essential employees of its mission to Somalia to leave the capital, Mogadishu, because of "specific threat information" against them.
The warning came just hours after US forces confirmed carrying out their first-ever drone strikes targeting Islamic State (IS) jihadists in the Horn of Africa nation.