Critics say Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) is on a mission to impose "Hindutva", the hegemony of Hindus, on 1.25-billion-strong India.
Union minister Jayant Sinha stoked a controversy in July after he garlanded eight convicts in the Ramgarh lynching case when they came out of prison on bail and offered them sweets.
Historian Ramachandra Guha, who also spoke, said political democracy does not mean social and cultural democracy
Home minister’s comment came after Rakbar Khan, alias Akbar of Kol village in Haryana’s Nuh district, was allegedly beaten to death late on Friday by suspected cow vigilantes.
Police are also roping in fact-checking websites to verify rumours on social media and debunk fake news.
In its response to the IT Ministry's notice, WhatsApp has said false news and spread of hoaxes are issues that need to be dealt with collectively, by government, civil society and technology companies
The consecutive instances of lynchings in various parts of country over rumours being spread through provocative WhatsApp forwards has put a question mark on the messaging platform.
As rumours about a gang of child-lifters being in the area were swirling around, the villagers thought the man was a part of some such gang and beat him to death with sticks.