The second edition of the Global Terrorism Index (GTI) 2014 report shows that 82% of people killed in terrorist attacks were from five countries: Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nigeria and Syria.
The GTI is quantified by Institute of Economics and Peace (IEP) for the years 2000 to 2014, based on submitted data. According to the report, the number of people killed due to terrorist activities has increased by five times in the last 14 years. There has been a moderate decrease in the terrorists’ deaths from the year 2007 onwards.
“In 2013 terrorist activity increased substantially with the total number of deaths rising from 11,133 in 2012 to 17,958 in 2013, a 61 per cent increase” the report said.
The report states that major jump in terrorist activity coincides with the 2011 Syrian civil war.
Another significant data shows that terrorism in the name of religion has increased dramatically in the last 14 years. “Prior to 2000, nationalist separatist agendas were the biggest drivers of terrorist organizations” the report states.
ISIL, Boko Haram, Tehreek-e-Taliban and Al-Qaeda with their allies have claimed responsibility for 66% of deaths from terrorist attacks in 2013. “Variations of religious ideologies based on extreme interpretations of Wahhabi Islam are the key commonality for all four groups; however their strategic goals are not necessarily the same”
The IEP report released on September 2014 identifies 13 other countries at risk from terrorist activity, such as Angola, Bangladesh, Burundi, Central African Republic, Cote d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Iran, Israel, Mali, Mexico, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Uganda.
TERRORISM IN INDIA:
India ranks 6, accounting for 2.2 percent of global terrorism deaths in the world, still holding a significant impact of terrorism.
There has been a 70% increase in attacks from 2012 to 2013 with deaths rising from 238 to 404. The communist terror outfits are the most frequent perpetrators of attacks in the country. Three Maoist groups claimed responsibility for 192 deaths in 2013.
The dispute between Pakistan over Jammu & Kashmir has also been the major source of terrorism. Most of them are armed assaults targeting police and citizens. India faces a bigger threat, where the Al-Qaeda announced a branch in September this year aiming to unite the existing Islamist groups.