India needs to increase energy consumption to raise per capita income: Eco Survey

As per the survey, India has to quadruple its per capita energy consumption if the country aims to rise in HDI.

Published: 04th July 2019 04:15 PM  |   Last Updated: 04th July 2019 04:15 PM   |  A+A-


For representational purposes (File Photo | Reuters)


NEW DELHI: India's economic growth will depend upon the ability to provide affordable, reliable and sustainable energy to citizens and the country is required to raise per capita energy consumption by at least 2.5 times to increase per capita income by USD 5000, the economic survey tabled in Parliament said Thursday.

The survey said India has the potential for USD 30 billion annual investment in renewables in next decade and even beyond that in view of its ambitious target of having 175 GW of clean energy by 2022.

"India with a per-capita energy consumption of about one-third of the global average, will have to increase its per capita energy consumption at least 2.5 times to increase its real per capita GDP by USD 5000 per capita, in 2010 prices, to enter the upper-middle income group," the survey stated.

As per the survey, India has to quadruple its per capita energy consumption if the country aims to rise in HDI (human development index).

ALSO READ: Banking sector performance improved due to fall in bad loans in 2018-19, says Economic Survey

It also pointed that the share of renewables in total electricity generation has increased from 6 per cent in 2014-15 to 10 per cent in 2018-19 but thermal power still plays a dominant role at 60 per cent.

Saying that, in India market share of electric vehicles was at 0.06 per cent compared to 2 per cent in China and 39 per cent in Norway, the economic survey suggested access to fast charging facilities as key to increase market share of electric vehicles.

The share of renewable (excluding hydro above 25 MW) in total generation was around 10 per cent in the year 2018-19 compared to around 6 per cent in 2014-15.

Now, globally, India stands fourth in wind power, fifth in solar power and fifth in overall renewable power installed capacity.

The cumulative renewable power installed capacity (excluding hydro above 25 MW) has more than doubled from 35 GW on March 31, 2014 to 78 GW on March 31, 2019.

The target is to achieve an installed capacity of renewable based power of 175 GW by the year 2022”, the survey added.

While renewable energy capacity has been expanded manifold, fossil fuel based energy is likely to remain an important source of power, the survey added.

Referring to a BEE (Bureau of Energy Efficiency) study, the survey said that, "energy efficiency program has resulted in total cost savings worth Rs 53,000 crore (approx) in 2017-18 and contributed in reducing 108.28 million tonnes of CO2 emissions."

The survey further noted that India's energy intensity of GDP started declining at a much lower level of per capita GDP as compared to the developed world.

India's primary energy intensity of GDP has fallen from 0.0004 toe in 1990 to 0.0002 toe in 2017.

Stay up to date on all the latest Business news with The New Indian Express App. Download now


Disclaimer : We respect your thoughts and views! But we need to be judicious while moderating your comments. All the comments will be moderated by the editorial. Abstain from posting comments that are obscene, defamatory or inflammatory, and do not indulge in personal attacks. Try to avoid outside hyperlinks inside the comment. Help us delete comments that do not follow these guidelines.

The views expressed in comments published on are those of the comment writers alone. They do not represent the views or opinions of or its staff, nor do they represent the views or opinions of The New Indian Express Group, or any entity of, or affiliated with, The New Indian Express Group. reserves the right to take any or all comments down at any time.

flipboard facebook twitter whatsapp