Overseas investors may struggle to circumvent India’s plan to tax the very rich as the option proposed by the tax authorities to sidestep the levies isn’t easy to implement.
With frightened investors wiping off Rs 2.9 trillion ($42 billion) from the benchmark S&P BSE Sensex since the budget on July 5 through Wednesday, tax officials have suggested that global funds convert themselves from trusts -- a structure followed by several foreign funds that invest in India -- to corporates as a way to avoid paying the higher surcharge.
The devil’s in the detail. “Under General Anti-Avoidance Rules, tax authorities can question the move and even deny tax benefits to an entity if the change in the structure is purely led with an intention to avoid tax,” said Punit Shah, a partner at Mumbai-based tax consultants Dhruva Advisors LLP.
|Nature of Income||Existing tax rate (in %)||Proposed rate (in %)|
|Short-term capital gains on listed equity||17.94||21.37|
|Short-term capital gains on listed derivatives||35.88||42.74|
|Long-term capital gains on listed equity||11.96||14.25|
|Interest income on debt securities||5.98 (INR bonds), 23.92 (others)||7.12 (INR bonds), 28.5 (others)|
Here are some other deterrents:
FPI trusts need to provide non-tax reasons for changing the structure under the GAAR
Investors need to re-evaluate costs and benefits of alternative arrangements as the choice of a particular structure is driven by administrative convenience or local rules
A change in structure will require the transfer of current holdings to another company
NOTE: About 40% of FPIs registered in India and operating as trusts are likely to be impacted by the proposal, though there could be many that are inactive, according to Dhruva Advisors
The government has maintained that it is not specifically targeting overseas investors and that the increase in surcharge applies to individuals and entities -- including funds -- who invest in local assets through structures like trusts.
That hasn’t stopped global investors from selling about $250 million of shares this week, data compiled by Bloomberg show.