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Sexual Dysfunction and Ovarian Cysts Are Related: Study

Most fertility clinics focus on correcting ovarian cysts. But they have to set right sexual dysfunction for the women to conceive, according to Dr Jeyarani Kamaraj

Published: 18th February 2016 04:01 AM  |   Last Updated: 18th February 2016 04:01 AM   |  A+A-

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CHENNAI: Cysts in the ovaries and sexual dysfunction are correlated, a new study has  found suggesting that it is not enough  to treat the cysts; but sexual dysfunction also needs to be addressed for better  chances of conceiving. The study was done by Aakash Fertility Centre and Hospital for a year between April 2013 to 2014, and the findings were presented at the two-day conference conducted by Indian Association for Sexology in Chennai last week.

It is known that women with Polyscystic Ovaries Syndrome (PCOS), a growth  of ovarian cysts (benign masses in the ovaries), will have difficulty in  conceiving unless the problem is corrected. Most fertility treatment specialists  concentrate on correcting the PCOS. But this may not be enough to help women  conceive, says the study.

“Sexual dysfunction too should be addressed,” said Dr KS Jeyarani Kamaraj, director Aakash Fertility Centre, who led the  study. Sexual dysfunction is the lack of desire to have sex.

The study titled ‘Unexplored problems in PCOS’ involved 301 infertile women who were undergoing treatment at the Aakash Fertility Centre. Women under 40 years were selected for the study and they were asked six pointed questions related to desire,  arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and pain. And their answers were categorised and graded for analysis.

“Much to our surprise, it was found that over 68% of women with PCOS had  issues related to sexual dysfunction. For those without PCOS, the figure was less than half — 32%. This shows that PCOS and sexual dysfunction are co  related,” said Dr Jeyarani, who is also the executive committee member of Indian  Society for Assisted Reproduction, Tamil Nadu chapter.

Most fertility specialists do not probe the sexual  relationship of the couple. This delays fertility treatment and also will lead to unnecessary procedures. “Correcting sexual dysfunction first by counselling the couple and then starting treatment for PCOS will help many women to conceive naturally,” she added.

The prevalence of PCOS in general population is 24%, while it is at a high 60-70% among infertile women. This shows PCOS is one of the major  causes of infertility, she added. Obesity and hormonal imbalance are other causes  but these are hereditary factors. Women with PCOS will  have irregular menstrual cycle, secretion of male hormone androgen higher than normal level, and diabetes too.



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