India's Cotton Output May Drop for 2nd Straight Year: USDA

Published: 15th June 2015 04:03 PM  |   Last Updated: 15th June 2015 04:03 PM   |  A+A-


NEW DELHI: India's cotton production is expected to decline for the second consecutive year to 37.5 million bales in 2015-16 marketing season, due to a likely fall in yields on account of delayed sowing, weather and low price realisation, according to USDA's latest report.

For the 2014-15 marketing season (August-July), the US Department of Agriculture (USDA) has forecast cotton output to be 38 million bales while the government has projected 35.3 million bales. One bale is 170 kg of cotton.

"...Production is forecast marginally lower on reduced yields stemming from delayed sowing, weather, and price realisation vis-a-vis other crops," USDA said in its latest report.

India's cotton production is forecast at 37.5 million on 12 million harvested hectares, it said.

In Gujarat and Maharashtra, sowing has commenced, but is limited to fields with assured irrigation.

Farmers' planting decision to expand cotton acreage, according to the report, has become difficult as prices of competing crops in various states have dropped.

Farm-gate prices of competing crops such as paddy, cluster bean (guar), soybeans, maize, and sorghum have fallen on an average by 30 per cent since the start of the August 2014 marketing season, it said.

Cotton, a predominantly monsoon-season or kharif crop, is planted from the end of April through September and harvested in the fall and winter.

The Met Department has already forecast that the Southwest Monsoon is expected to be 12 per cent deficient this year.

India accounts for about a third of the global cotton area. The country's two-thirds of cotton are produced in states such as Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Odisha where much of the crop is rain-fed.

The northern zone, which consists of Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan, produces cotton under irrigated conditions and accounts for about 15 per cent of production.

In South, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu chip in with 30 per cent.


Disclaimer : We respect your thoughts and views! But we need to be judicious while moderating your comments. All the comments will be moderated by the editorial. Abstain from posting comments that are obscene, defamatory or inflammatory, and do not indulge in personal attacks. Try to avoid outside hyperlinks inside the comment. Help us delete comments that do not follow these guidelines.

The views expressed in comments published on are those of the comment writers alone. They do not represent the views or opinions of or its staff, nor do they represent the views or opinions of The New Indian Express Group, or any entity of, or affiliated with, The New Indian Express Group. reserves the right to take any or all comments down at any time.

flipboard facebook twitter whatsapp